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Columbus blockchain scam,Overseas case study on Maas and intelligent driving application in Columbus, Ohio

Time : 07/10/2021 Author : yav13b Click : + -
        In December 2015, the U.S. Department of transportation (USDOT) launched a project called "smart city challenge" (SCC), which requires medium-sized cities in the United States to provide comprehensive and innovative intelligent transportation solutions and help people realize higher speed, low cost and high efficiency transportation and logistics with new technologies. In the competition among 77 cities in the United States, Columbus, Ohio, won the championship in 2016, and received a US $40 million project support from the US Department of transportation. The smart Columbus plan aims to improve people's quality of life, promote economic growth, provide better employment opportunities and channels, build the world's leading smart logistics, and promote the sustainable development of transportation.
        The project demonstrates the integration of cutting-edge technologies such as intelligent transportation system (ITS), Internet of vehicles (CV), autonomous vehicles (AV) and electric vehicles (EV) into other operation fields in the city, and integrates data from different fields and departments, enabling these technology applications to provide power and make use of the new information they provide. The smart Columbus plan has deployed eight pilot projects and six outputs, of which three projects explore the possibility of mobile as a service (MAAS) and the optimization effect of traffic flow after the digitization of traffic infrastructure. Columbus has been characterized by low urbanization, low bus utilization rate and high frequency of private cars. Therefore, citizens have high dependence on private cars, lack of familiarity and trust in multimodal transport, and have long transit time and uncertain travel time for existing transportation system services.
        The characteristics of Columbus are particularly prominent in some remote areas. For example, the residents of linden community face many challenges, including low average household income, lack of industrial support, and high infant mortality. These problems are related to the lack of a good transportation system. However, there are many workstations distributed in Columbus, some of which are only a short drive from the community, but lack of transportation system connected with the community. It can be said that it is both close and far away. The lack of transportation system in some communities in Columbus leads to that even though the workstations near the community can provide a wide range of community services including food storage rooms, they are trapped in the existing public transportation system and cannot directly serve the community.
        Finally, Columbus citizens also have an inherent distrust of cutting-edge technology. In order to break people's psychological barrier and solve the above-mentioned practical problems (especially the lack of traffic options for the first / last mile), Columbus City tries to pilot the autonomous vehicle technology in a way suitable for the existing transportation system to solve the problem that the existing transportation route cannot enter the community service. Recently, the International Transport Forum (ITF) published "innovative transport scenarios: a case of mobility as a service" to evaluate transport development models in urban and non urban environments. ITF pointed out in its report that the transportation system is vital to improving human welfare, especially in densely populated cities and suburban areas... It is impossible to solve the difficulties of the urban transportation system with a one size fits all approach.
        The traffic demand varies by region and population, and there are significant differences between the urban traffic modes provided by different regions and the travel modes selected by people. Based on the above background, Columbus defined Maas as a solution that transforms from private car travel to public and private transport services. Columbus has integrated three pilot projects to provide citizens with travel plans, travel service apps and new transportation modes in physical and digital modes. Columbus developed an application called multimodal trip planning application. In the pivot section of the application, all public and private transportation services are integrated, and one-stop travel planning, reservation and payment are provided.
        Columbus piloted the construction of smart mobility hub to improve the travel planning of residents, provide mode conversion between various existing transportation options, and improve the travel service quality of users. Pilot connected electric autonomous vehicles to optimize public transport, travel services and employment. Although this is an emerging technology project, these unmanned vehicles have been piloted in a mixed traffic environment, including interaction with other vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians. The project is currently piloted in downtown Columbus and linden community, and is connected with intelligent mobility hubs (smart mobility hubs), and is one of the travel services in the pivot section.
        The Columbus Maas system aims to make it easier for residents to use the transportation system and maximize the use of transportation services to improve their lifestyle. Mmtpa, SMH and ceav jointly provide innovative solutions to optimize traffic flow and improve local economy. To this end, Columbus identified the following indicators to evaluate the results of the three projects:. Columbus expected to improve the mobility of local communities and improve the employment rate and social economy of the region by adding more travel choice services for the community. The mmtpa project aims to enable citizens of Columbus City and remote communities to freely create multimodal transport itineraries and use different payment media to pay for transport services.
        Pivot's vision is to build a platform that integrates all public and private transport modes and provides one-stop travel planning, booking, electronic ticketing and payment services. The multimodal transportation options provided in the application include: walking, public transportation (operated by the Ohio State Transportation Bureau (COTA)), Ohio State University campus area bus service (CABS), hitchhike (gohiocommute), bicycle sharing (COGO), scooter (bird, lime, link), taxi service (yellowcab, Uber, LYFT); And private car services.
        Pivot provides users in Columbus with real-time traffic options. Users can see the traffic information of nearby buses, scooters and bicycles, and receive real-time traffic alerts through this application. The design of pivot follows the following principles:. 4. Users shall ensure that no one (including the project team) can obtain their historical travel information and other personal information when booking a trip, unless they voluntarily release relevant information to improve the platform function;. SMH (smart mobility hub) is an independent small transfer station. Pivot applications, websites, and SMH kiosks all run the same code base and are designed with the same type of appearance.
        The user can open and execute the plan in the pivot application by coordinating the itinerary from the transfer station to the smartphone. If the mmtpa project is a digital solution for creating Maas, the SMH project is the actual embodiment of this concept. These intelligent transport hubs are designed to improve the transport options of residents living in remote communities and make the best use of existing transport systems. The SMH project identified six preferred deployment pilots through several seminars held in the linden community. By providing citizens with comprehensive transportation facilities and transportation options, such as information kiosks with wireless networks and emergency call buttons (ECB), transfer between various existing transportation options, and comprehensive travel planning tools, etc.
        Columbus combines ceav with pivot application, so that users can incorporate ceav into the itinerary planning of multimodal transport. The pilotless car of ceav pilot provides transportation services from 6:00 to 20:00 every day in Linden community. At present, there are four stations in the pilotless car service route, which pass through the pilot SMH transfer station. The route selected for the pilot project of ceav is determined through research to solve the problem of lack of community service due to the lack of direct connection between Columbus workstation and remote communities. The pilot passenger transport service of ceav was started on February 4, 2020. On February 20, 2020, an emergency stop in operation caused a passenger to slide from his seat, and the passenger transport service was suspended. The shuttle bus continued to run and test. The project staff were on the bus to assess the potential reasons for the sudden stop of the unmanned vehicle.
        On April 4, 2020, due to the outbreak of COVID-19, the operation of all ceav pilot passenger transport services was stopped. Although the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) of the United States approved the safety mitigation measures of the vehicle supplier easymile to resume the passenger service in May 2020, the continuous global epidemic has affected the effectiveness of the implementation of the mitigation measures, and the passenger service faces new challenges such as social diversion and increasing disinfection procedures. Since the Ohio local guidelines emphasize the importance of social distance, it is proposed that a distance of six feet should be maintained between people during the epidemic period, and the necessary disinfection procedures in public places have been added, which greatly limits the capacity of ceav pilot unmanned vehicles for passenger transport services.
        On July 30, 2020, ceav piloted unmanned vehicles began to be used for community food transportation services. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, the public's demand for food transportation services has been increasing. By using the food transportation service of ceav pilot unmanned vehicle, it can provide services to many families during the epidemic period and help alleviate food supply and safety problems. As a smart transportation solution, Maas integrates public and private mobile providers to provide reliable and fair transportation routes and build an integrated transportation ecosystem. Although there are many types of schemes to realize Maas, the vision of Columbus may be different from that of other cities and institutions, however, the basic purpose of Maas must be to provide smooth, reliable and fair transportation services for travelers.
        The pivot application realizes a Maas platform that integrates the services of multiple mobile providers, and promotes the planning and implementation of multimodal transportation through a link between a port and a third-party application. In order to realize Maas, urban traffic management agencies should continue to play a key role in encouraging public transport connection and establishing Maas system while monitoring and licensing suppliers. Only when all suppliers cooperate sincerely can they succeed. SMH is a support service to realize the deployment of Maas. With the continuous fermentation of COVID-19, Columbus will support the further deployment of SMH in the whole city, so that residents who rely on public transport can better access basic services, such as medical care, commercial supermarkets and transportation services of bank routes.
        The ceav project addresses the challenges raised in the SCC vision, that is, the unmanned passenger transport and food transport services in Linden community, and the use of autonomous driving to realize Maas. These challenges show that it is far from enough to realize full automatic driving at the current stage, because the technology and sensor functions have not reached the requirements of automatic driving L5 level. The road to automatic driving depends on continuous attempts like ceav project, which will provide valuable data to support machine learning, improve the acceptance of residents and accelerate the progress of automatic driving technology. Through the three Maas projects of smart Columbus, the city can optimize transportation services and improve the economic level for remote communities. The combination of these projects makes it easier for residents to access and use the existing transportation system and achieve more efficient employment, education and health.
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