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Credit supervision empowers the high-quality development of digital economy

Time : 22/10/2021 Author : 3npob5 Click : + -
        In recent years, with the accelerated innovation of Internet, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, blockchain and other technologies and their increasingly integration into the whole process of economic and social development, China's digital economy has developed rapidly, showing unlimited market development space and huge development potential due to its rapidity and permeability. Digital economy is contract economy and credit economy. The characteristics of economic development, such as multi subjects and cross-border integration, require that all economic subjects must have the spirit of contract and be honest and trustworthy.
        No man can stand without faith, and no business can prosper without faith. Credit is the premise and foundation of the operation of the digital economy and an important factor affecting the survival and development of enterprises. To improve the digital economy governance system, credit supervision mechanism construction is indispensable. Only by deeply understanding the road of integrity and deeply promoting the development mode of "credit + digital economy", can Internet platform and app operators establish brand image, form consumption stickiness and occupy more market shares. The national "14th five year plan for the development of digital economy" proposes to improve the digital economy governance system and strengthen the supervision of the digital economy market based on credit. We will improve the rule of law and lay a solid foundation for supervision.
        The legal construction of credit supervision is the key content of the construction of supervision system and mechanism, an important foundation for improving the supervision system and creating a good business environment, and an important part of the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee emphasized that "we should improve the long-term mechanism of integrity construction, improve the credit investigation system covering the whole society, and strengthen the punishment of dishonesty". In recent years, with the introduction of relevant documents such as the outline of social credit system construction planning (2014-2020) and the guiding opinions on establishing and improving the joint incentive and punishment system for honesty and dishonesty and accelerating the construction of social integrity, remarkable achievements have been made in the legal construction of credit supervision.
        However, the phenomenon of dishonesty still exists in society, and the legal construction of credit supervision needs to be further improved. In view of the current situation that the legal construction of credit supervision in China mainly depends on the policies of various localities and departments, efforts should be made to improve the supervision rules and standards, speed up the unified legislation of credit supervision, promote the classified supervision of credit in key areas such as food and drug, project construction, bidding, safety production, fire safety, medical and health, and the use of financial funds, establish and improve the classified supervision system of credit, Thereby improving the accuracy of supervision. Gather the strength of various parties to form a joint force of supervision. The main body of supervision should include all economic participants, especially the role of industry self-discipline and consumer supervision.
        The ultimate goal of supervision should be to realize the transformation from "heteronomy" to "self-discipline". Therefore, on the one hand, it is necessary to improve the responsibilities of competent departments and regulatory agencies, divide work and cooperate with each other, and do a good job in the top-level design and system and mechanism construction of China's digital economy development in combination with China's development needs and possibilities; On the other hand, it is necessary to clarify the responsibilities and obligations of platform enterprises and establish an industry self-discipline mechanism; In addition, social supervision, media supervision and public supervision should also be carried out to stimulate the public's awareness and enthusiasm of supervision, form a joint force of credit supervision of joint management and governance, and force the supervision and law enforcement personnel to fulfill their duties and put public power into the cage of the system. At the same time, it is also convenient for social forces to timely supervise and promote the law-abiding operation and integrity and self-discipline of dishonest enterprises.
        Adhere to credit repair and improve the quality of supervision. Credit repair refers to the process in which a dishonest subject, after thoroughly correcting its dishonest behavior and eliminating the adverse effects, voluntarily applies for rebuilding its own credit and cancels the relevant credit measures after the relevant departments confirm that it meets the conditions. The credit recovery system is an important mechanism for the construction of the social credit system, an important link for the improvement of the joint incentive mechanism for keeping promises and the Joint Disciplinary Mechanism for breaking promises, an inevitable requirement for the construction of the in-process and post supervision mechanism with credit as the core, and an institutional guarantee for the withdrawal of the breaking promises from the disciplinary measures. Punishment for dishonesty is only the method and means of supervision, and education and encouragement is the ultimate goal of supervision. The purpose of supervision is not to restrict the development of market entities, but to create a fair and just business environment with orderly operation, laws and regulations for the healthy development of the economy.
        The objectives of the regulatory department and the regulated department are the same, both for the better and faster development of the enterprise. We can establish a regular working mechanism for the positive list of supervision and law enforcement, give more freedom to enterprises with good credit and no illegal records, encourage, help and guide enterprises to "self monitor, self manage, self report and self disclose", and improve the level of self-management of enterprises; We should also establish a negative list of supervision and law enforcement, and order dishonest enterprises to rectify. At the same time, in order to help it return to the right track of operation, further promote the "inclusive and prudent" supervision mode, build a digital economy credit supervision pattern that combines decentralization with regulation, combines leniency with strictness, advances and retreats in an orderly manner, and provides assistance and guidance, comprehensively optimize the business environment, and create a credit supervision mode of "rigid law enforcement" and "flexible and promising", so as to make the supervision both strong and warm.
        (author: Wang Ke, people's daily and people's Forum Network).
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