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Bigbang, core's analysis on solving garbage disposal problems,Briefly describe the classification of blockchain

Time : 14/10/2021 Author : h57xec Click : + -
        From the mandatory waste classification in Shanghai to China's refusal to import foreign garbage besieged by the world's garbage, to the marine life threatened by the global garbage, the topic of garbage treatment has stung people again and again, and the emphasis on garbage treatment has become increasingly high. With the help of the blockchain, the industry may be able to develop in a better direction. To a certain extent, the development history of human civilization is the history of garbage disposal. Many archaeological achievements are even dug out from the garbage. Through garbage, we know what people used to eat and use. The way people treat garbage also reflects the development level of current human civilization. In China 2300 years ago, there were laws for garbage disposal:.
        Improper disposal of garbage once caused people to pay a huge price. In medieval Europe, a large-scale infectious disease occurred frequently. Among them, the black death caused millions of deaths in Europe. The causes were poor urban garbage treatment system, discarded garbage and excreta along the window. It was not until the second industrial revolution that the relationship between garbage and bacteria was proved that the treatment of domestic garbage in Europe was on the right track. Subsequently, the centralized treatment of garbage has gradually become the consensus of people. The main treatment methods are recycling, landfill and incineration. At present, landfill is still the main method of garbage treatment in many countries, and the disadvantages caused by open-air landfill are more and more presented to people. Land occupation, groundwater pollution, disease transmission, etc. the ecological disasters caused by landfill are shocking.
        Garbage disposal has become an urgent problem in the world. "Avoid" is the first goal, and then "recycle" is carried out to promote the "resource" cycle. For example, recycling waste paper reduces the consumption of wood, recycling plastic reduces the consumption of oil, and more kitchen waste in daily life also becomes the raw material of composting. Many countries have therefore formulated corresponding policies and mechanisms, and most of the remaining waste after recycling is continuously excavated into "energy attribute", Enter the incineration treatment plant for incineration power generation. The final residue is disposed of innocuously and then buried. For example, Japan is a model of waste classification. Its strict and meticulous management, coupled with the high awareness of the public on waste treatment, makes it a leader in the world in the field of waste classification. The government departments will carry out extremely detailed promotion and education on how to throw garbage, when to throw garbage, where to throw garbage and other issues, and specify the punishment measures.
        The classification is even detailed to a plastic bottle, which can only be put into the resource dustbin after the bottle cap, packaging and content are removed. (of course, there are also many irresponsible developed countries that use waste export and transfer pollutants to developing countries as the main means of waste disposal). Next to the garbage cans in the living area, scavengers or scavengers will quickly collect the recyclable part of the garbage. In the urban landfill, professional scavengers will screen and recycle the high-value garbage again. Although it does not sound so beautiful, it has completed the classification and recycling of 90% of recyclable garbage. In the eyes of many people, garbage disposal is equivalent to garbage recycling. Since garbage collectors can complete recycling, does the significance of garbage classification lose most of its significance? Is this really the case?.
        As mentioned above, the whole process of waste treatment is: avoidance, reuse, recovery, energy recovery and treatment. However, garbage recycling is only one of them. No matter how thorough the recycling is, most of the remaining wastes are still unusable wastes, accounting for about 50% - 80% of the total. Most developing countries mainly use landfill, but landfill itself is an irresponsible practice of "transferring pollutants to the next generation". In recent decades, developed countries have been replacing open-air landfill with waste incineration power generation. Due to strict waste classification, their incineration power plants only deal with dry waste, thus achieving high-efficiency combustion value and generating higher profits. The waste incineration power plants in Japan have even become "garbage museums" to attract tourists.
        Although waste incineration has been developed for more than 70 years, and the harmless treatment of residues is very mature, it will still be resisted in the construction. The ignorance theory like "waste classification is environmental protection, and waste incineration is ecological destruction" has emerged endlessly. It is hardly known that waste classification and recycling is only the first step of the entire industrial chain, and is also a prerequisite for waste incineration. The purpose of garbage classification is not simply for better recycling, but as a precondition for the whole industrial chain. The premise of efficient waste incineration power generation is waste classification, which not only needs to complete the construction of infrastructure, but also needs to carry out long-term continuous education and popularization.
        Therefore, what developing countries lack most is not technology, but waste treatment education that has lasted for several generations in developed countries and the corresponding whole waste treatment industry chain. Therefore, the two major pain points of garbage disposal in developing countries are:. In July 2019, the Shanghai Municipal Regulations on the management of domestic garbage was formally implemented. Domestic garbage was classified according to the standards of "recyclable", "hazardous garbage", "wet garbage" and "dry garbage". The person who threw in unclassified garbage and garbage not put into the designated garbage can should be punished accordingly. Subsequently, 46 cities across the country began to carry out pilot projects to comprehensively implement the waste classification policy.
        2019 coincides with the outbreak of the development of blockchain, so many governments and enterprises also began to try to use blockchain to solve the garbage classification problem. Xiong'an new area launched a garbage collection prototype based on the blockchain technology, and gave points to the garbage classification deliverers. The points can be used to exchange for daily necessities, etc;. Qingdao has built a garbage classification demonstration Street Based on blockchain technology. The government and institutions hope to establish a "blockchain + garbage classification" scenario, adopt an incentive mechanism to promote the people to actively participate in garbage classification, and develop citizens' garbage classification habits through long-term implementation. Of course, there is a precedent in the world for using blockchain technology to solve the problem of garbage collection and classification. For example, the "plastic bank" established in Haiti in 2013 encourages people to recycle waste plastics and other garbage. The recycled products can be exchanged into tokens at the plastic bank, which can be exchanged for legal currency, and can also be purchased in its stores.
        At the same time, it can also be used as a credit certificate for scavengers to help them obtain bank mortgage loans and other services. This mode has also become the development direction of many "blockchain + garbage disposal" at present. I don't know if you have noticed that the above-mentioned solutions are basically aimed at garbage recovery, or just regard garbage recovery as the "pain point" of the industry. However, as we have explained earlier, garbage recovery is not the current pain point of the industry in the field of garbage treatment. Moreover, from the experience of developed countries, incentives can not completely solve the problem of garbage classification. Garbage classification itself is the responsibility and obligation of citizens, and "passive recycling" driven by interests will not only lead to safety hazards (such as recycling available resources from hazardous wastes).
        In fact, the education of waste treatment is mainly based on the government's compulsory policies, and the waste classification must be preceded by the laws and regulations and followed by the incentives. However, the actual situation today is that the implementation of the laws and regulations is not in place, which makes it difficult to implement the waste classification, so the cart is put before the horse. Instead, the incentive scheme has become a sweet bun to solve the problem of waste classification. In addition, among these incentive schemes, blockchain is not the only solution, or these incentive schemes do not give play to the concept of token economy. Let token guide people's behavior, drive token holders through token's incentive and punishment, and let them become builders and maintainers of the project.
        In other words, the value of "points" is fixed and lacks liquidity, while the value of "token" is bound to the project and has liquidity. "Token" is a symbiosis of rights, obligations, penalties, mobility and other attributes. To release the value of token, it needs sufficient space & mdash& mdash; For example, an industry to be integrated. At present, the market space for waste classification and treatment has exceeded 20 billion yuan. In sharp contrast to this, there are loose institutions, complex business chains, lack of infrastructure and inconsistent technical standards. This is a problem that needs to be solved step by step in industrial integration. It is obviously impossible to solve it in one move. Therefore, it is not a simple token that can solve these problems step by step, It is a public chain with high TPS and high expansibility.
        As we all know, bigbangcore has been quantifying credible energy-saving data and encrypting the uplink storage through the combination of intelligent hardware and main chain in the field of boiler energy saving since last year, so as to realize the standard quantification of carbon emission data. Although carbon emissions are also closely related to the waste treatment industry, in fact, before this, the team had written and discussed plans on incentives for waste recycling, intelligent hardware research and development, and even expected to directly manage the collection of packaging and plastic products from the source through RFID. Through continuous research in the later stage, we found the real pain point in the waste treatment industry, which is explained in the previous article. Therefore, we also understand that the public chain may be the key to further integration of this industry.
        Based on the public chain, we can connect the garbage producers, disposers, policy makers, vested interests and other parties to form the industrial integration on the chain. Based on the characteristics of the data on the chain, such as non tampering and traceability, we can establish a decentralized and transparent information database, realize the fine management of garbage treatment, and then establish a highly reliable garbage treatment data platform. Supervise the hazardous substances (such as dioxins) in the incineration power plant to achieve strong supervision and market-oriented symbiosis, and also mobilize the whole society to participate in waste treatment. The token / coin born on this basis will not only reflect the value of garbage collection, but also enlarge the connotation of token, and "behavior" will be directly linked to "value".
        For example, in a simple incentive mechanism, the classification of non recyclable garbage does not directly generate income, and "incentive" may be the product of government subsidies. However, in the blockchain system, the classification behavior may clearly correspond to the energy value generated by the classified waste combustion and the treatment cost of the final pollutants, and these two can form a "classification level" & hellip& hellip;, The incentive will be based on evidence, and even a "junk investment trading market" can be built based on this, so that the liquidity of token can reverse the integration process of the industry. Because it is developed for the Internet of things, in order to meet the increasing business lines of the Internet of things, bigbangcore has developed a tree block structure of "security main chain + multi application branch chain", which can also effectively solve the problems of multi-agent expansion and high concurrency in garbage disposal business.
        In the development of our perfect storage layer, the uplink of massive data will also be rapidly promoted. Bigbang core may have a unique advantage on this track. The development of garbage treatment is doomed to be not smooth sailing. From the mandatory garbage classification in Shanghai to the announcement of China's refusal to import foreign garbage besieged by the world's garbage, to the marine life threatened by the global garbage, the topic of garbage treatment has repeatedly stung people, and the importance of garbage treatment has become increasingly high. It is believed that with the help of blockchain, this industry will undergo some milestone changes. Technology may not solve all problems, but it will certainly enable the industry to develop in a better direction.
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