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[national digital literacy and skills improvement month] expert series interpretation of improving national digital literacy and skills

Time : 18/04/2022 Author : nrmed4 Click : + -
        Cultivating high-level artisans from large countries in the digital field is an important path to promote the innovative application of digital technology and facilities and equipment by manufacturing enterprises, accelerate the development of industrial Internet and intelligent manufacturing, and accelerate the digital, networked and intelligent transformation of the manufacturing industry. In October 2021, the central network security and Information Technology Commission issued the action plan for improving the digital literacy and skills of the whole people (hereinafter referred to as the action plan), which proposed to "improve the digital skills of industrial workers", It is necessary to "improve the enterprise staff training system, systematically carry out digital skills training for industrial workers in the whole production process, continue to expand the modern industrial workers, train high-level artisans in the digital field, and improve the digital production capacity".
 
        At present, the digital transformation of China's manufacturing industry is steadily advancing. We should vigorously improve the digital skills of manufacturing workers and cultivate new advantages of the digital transformation of manufacturing industry. In today's era, the great changes not seen in a century are interwoven with the epidemic situation in the century. The new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation represented by the new generation of information technology are accelerating. The digital transformation of the world economy is the general trend. Talent is a strategic resource to realize national rejuvenation and win the initiative in international competition. In the digital field, it has become a very urgent task to cultivate a large-scale craftsman team with excellent quality and reasonable structure. First, it is an objective requirement to seize the important opportunity of the fourth industrial revolution.
 
        In history, every industrial revolution has put forward new requirements for the skills of industrial workers. The first industrial revolution was led by mechanized technology and needed to adapt to the decentralized mechanized production mode. The second industrial revolution was led by electrified technology, which needs to adapt to the production mode of electrified assembly line. The third industrial revolution is led by information technology. It needs to master certain computer operation skills to adapt to large-scale and standardized production methods. The ongoing fourth industrial revolution, led by the new generation of information technology, needs to master the digital skills of operating digital facilities and equipment, and adapt to the digital, networked and intelligent production mode.
 
        To seize the historical opportunity of the industrial revolution, it is urgent to cultivate a large craftsman team with high-level digital skills to realize the transformation from a manufacturing country to a manufacturing power. Second, it is an inevitable choice to promote the digital transformation of manufacturing industry. Digital transformation is a "required course" related to the survival and long-term development of the manufacturing industry. At present, the digital transformation of China's manufacturing industry has been accelerated in an all-round way. The numerical control rate of key processes in key fields has reached 55.3%, and the penetration rate of digital R & D and design tools has reached 74.7%. At the same time, it should also be noted that the digital transformation of manufacturing industry is a complex system project involving many innovations such as development strategy adjustment, resource factor transformation, production mode reconstruction, enterprise form transformation, business mode transformation, etc. enterprises, especially the large number of small, medium and micro enterprises, still have outstanding problems such as "not daring to turn", "not turning" and "not turning".
 
        Cultivating artisans from big countries in the digital field, establishing digital thinking such as the Internet, big data, software and platform, and improving digital transformation capabilities such as digital technology application, data management and software development can improve workers' digital skills, effectively solve the above digital transformation problems, and accelerate the digital transformation of manufacturing industry. Third, it is a key move to enhance the international competitiveness of the manufacturing industry. Since the global financial crisis in 2008, the world's major industrial countries and regions have taken measures to improve the digital skills of workers, promote the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, and enhance the international competitiveness of the manufacturing industry. For example, in recent years, the EU has successively issued policies such as the European skills agenda (2020) and the digital education action plan (2021-2027) to cultivate high-level digital talents and promote European industries to become globally competitive and world leading.
 
        The United States has successively issued laws, regulations and policies such as the law on strengthening vocational and technical education in the 21st century and the road to planning success: the stem education strategy of the United States to cultivate a workforce with digital skills and enhance industrial competitiveness. China is a big manufacturing country, but there are still problems of weak foundation and low level. It is urgent to cultivate more high-level artisans in the digital field, accelerate the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, and improve the international competitiveness of the manufacturing industry. The manufacturing industry is the main body of the national economy, and the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry is the general trend. In recent years, China has actively taken effective measures from the aspects of education, training and development environment optimization to gradually improve the training system of high-level artisans in the digital field, and the scale of digital talents in the manufacturing industry is expanding.
 
        The reform of digital talent education in the manufacturing industry continued to deepen. The construction of new engineering science was comprehensively promoted, and the trilogy of "Fudan consensus", "Tianda action" and "Beijing Guide" was played, and the collaborative education project of industry university cooperation was deeply implemented. As of September 2021, the Ministry of education has supported more than 1100 undergraduate colleges and universities to cooperate with nearly 800 enterprises to establish 37000 projects, and enterprises have provided funds and software and hardware support of about 11.2 billion yuan. The first batch of 33 characteristic demonstration software colleges, 12 future technology colleges and 50 modern industry colleges were accelerated. Integrated circuit technology, intelligent optoelectronic manufacturing technology and blockchain technology application have officially become national vocational education majors.
 
        As of September 2021, a total of 43 higher vocational colleges nationwide have filed for the establishment of industrial Internet majors and carried out professional training. Vocational training for digital talents in the manufacturing industry has been carried out extensively. Since 2019, the Ministry of human resources and social security has released 56 new occupations for skilled personnel, including Internet of things engineering technicians, industrial robot system operators, intelligent manufacturing engineering technicians, industrial Internet engineering technicians, additive manufacturing equipment operators, integrated circuit engineering technicians, industrial vision system operators and other manufacturing digital talents. The corresponding national vocational skills standards have been promulgated, providing an important basis for the training of digital talents in the manufacturing industry.
 
        All localities also actively carry out digital talent training in the manufacturing industry. For example, Zhejiang Province focuses on intelligent manufacturing, machine replacement, industrial control system security, Internet of things, integrated circuits and other fields, and actively carries out vocational skills training to further consolidate the talent base. The environment for the development of digital talents in the manufacturing industry has been greatly optimized. Activities related to digital talents in the manufacturing industry were carried out extensively. The national industrial and information technology skills competition, the national intelligent manufacturing application technology skills competition, the China Industrial Internet competition and other events were held continuously. The world Intelligent Manufacturing Conference, the China 5g + industrial Internet Conference, the global industrial Internet Conference, the world robot conference and other conferences were successfully held, providing an important channel for the cultivation of digital talents.
 
        The attraction of the manufacturing industry to digital talents has gradually increased. In recent years, intelligent manufacturing and industrial Internet have developed rapidly, and the salaries of integrated circuits, aerospace and other manufacturing industries have significantly increased, which has driven more and more Internet practitioners to turn to the manufacturing industry during their job search. At the same time, it should be noted that the demand for digital talents in China's manufacturing industry is huge, and the demand for industrial robot system operators, operation and maintenance personnel, intelligent manufacturing engineering technicians, and automatic control engineering technicians is still in short supply; The layout of new engineering disciplines needs to be optimized. In the field of artificial intelligence, there has been a structural contradiction between the supply of talents and the market demand in Colleges and universities; There is a lack of digital skills training for front-line employees in the manufacturing industry.
 
        Under the new situation, it is urgent to establish and improve the digital talent cultivation system of manufacturing industry. Facing the "fourteenth five year plan", we should fully implement the work deployment of the platform for action, take multiple measures at the same time, improve the digital skills of manufacturing workers, cultivate more high-level artisans from large countries in the digital field, consolidate the talent base for the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, accelerate the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, and contribute to the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country and the realization of the second centenary goals. Enrich the supply of digital resources. We will make overall arrangements to build a national digital skills learning platform for manufacturing, promote the construction of a national credit bank, and guide manufacturing workers to actively improve their digital skills.
 
        Support leading manufacturing enterprises, platform enterprises, training institutions, universities, industry organizations and other open digital learning resources, and encourage qualified organizations and individuals to create and share more high-quality digital literacy and skills learning courses. Strengthen digital education planning. We will deepen the reform of university education, strengthen cooperation between government, industry, University and research, optimize the layout of new engineering disciplines, strengthen the construction of characteristic demonstration software colleges, future technology colleges and modern industry colleges, encourage students to take interdisciplinary digital science and technology courses, and cultivate compound, innovative and applied digital talents. We will promote education reform in primary and secondary schools, increase the proportion of digital technology knowledge such as big data, artificial intelligence, programming, and network security in primary and secondary schools, stimulate students' interest in digital technology, and improve primary and secondary students' digital literacy.
 
        Strengthen digital skills training. Establish and improve the digital skills training system for employees, support enterprises to carry out personalized training for management personnel and front-line employees, improve the digital operation and management ability of enterprise management personnel, and improve the professional competence of employees. We will accelerate the development of new occupations, vocational skills standards, training materials and evaluation standards for digital skills in the manufacturing industry, and promote the standardized development of digital talent training in the manufacturing industry. Regularly hold digital skills related conferences, competitions and other themed activities to promote learning and application through meetings and competitions, and continuously improve the digital skills of manufacturing workers. Original title: the "national digital literacy and skills improvement month" series of experts to improve the national digital literacy and skills | cultivate high-level artisans in the digital field and cultivate new advantages in the digital transformation of manufacturing industry.
 
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