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Unify the item code and break the dilemma of tracing "broken chain"

Time : 04/04/2022 Author : g5csdf Click : + -
        In the food and medical and health industry, the normalization of retrospective supervision is of far-reaching significance. On the one hand, as an effective management means of government departments, traceability is more and more widely infiltrated into the daily supervision work; On the other hand, the level of enterprise informatization is constantly improving, and building a transparent and efficient supply chain has become a market demand through retroactive improvement of management level. Due to the scattered management departments and the inconsistent barcode data, the barcode scanning data in the circulation link is "broken". Experts and scholars suggest applying the internationally unified bar code technology and adopting a coding system consistent with the international standard to ensure the interconnection of traceability information, so as to achieve national and even global traceability.
        In recent years, people have paid more and more attention to food safety, participated in various parties and jointly locked the "first kilometer" of the "food basket", and established a whole chain traceability system from production base to logistics distribution and then to terminal consumption. In Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, through the national food (product) safety traceability platform, food production enterprises use the form of commodity bar code + batch to realize the whole process (whole chain) digital control of prepackaged food from raw material incoming inspection, production control, delivery inspection and sales destination. Consumers can use mobile phone code scanning to query information, and enterprises and government regulatory departments can carry out precise recall and targeted supervision on problematic products.
        In the aspect of food sales, we will focus on the standard certification for the breeding base of high-quality edible agricultural products, and assign GS1 location code and variety code to the products of the base. The coded agricultural products are from the breeding base - logistics transportation - Food Distribution - terminal consumption "one code Pingchuan". For example, after the consumer pays by scanning the code on the mobile phone, the electronic scale "spits out" an electronic transaction bill printed with the GS1 standard two-dimensional code, and the scanned two-dimensional code, including the origin, inspection results, import and export units and other product traceability data, is immediately displayed. At the same time, the system also insures consumers against losses caused by purchasing inferior edible agricultural products. This "one-stop" service of agricultural product testing, payment and food safety insurance for consumers based on the "smart flash payment electronic scale" is an innovation in the construction of the traceability system.
        At present, the construction of the traceability standard system in China is being accelerated and improved. The application of traceability is no longer limited to food and drugs, but more and more covers other important products related to the national economy and the people's livelihood. With the establishment of the national food (product) safety traceability platform and the docking with several provincial platforms, China has now achieved the traceability of the responsible subjects of hundreds of millions of products and the product process traceability of more than 3000 enterprises. Take Shunde as an example. In the past five years, Shunde market supervision and Administration Bureau has cooperated with China article coding center to realize the production, procurement, circulation (distribution) of more than 260 food enterprises, more than 100 food material distribution enterprises and nearly 200 farmer's markets in the area under the premise of not increasing the capital investment of production enterprises, not changing the working process of sales links and not affecting the convenience of consumers' shopping Dynamic integrated supervision of digital traceability of the whole chain such as consumption.
        Kong Fanchang, deputy director of Shunde market supervision and Administration Bureau, said that by establishing a full chain traceability system, the market supervision department can spare more energy to grasp key links, implement risk prevention and control, and keep the bottom line of food safety while serving enterprises to improve internal risk prevention and control, self-control and promote brand development. On the one hand, it satisfies the consumers' right to know about the information related to food consumption safety, and on the other hand, it forces the operators to implement the main responsibility, thus forming a "win-win" situation of food safety, which is promoted by the government, participated by professional institutions, supported by technical institutions, self-discipline of the operators, and shared by consumers. Applying for commodity bar codes for drugs and medical devices is the general trend of the healthy development of the industry. It can not only help enterprises improve the efficiency and transparency in Global trade and supply chain management, but also facilitate the circulation and sales of products, reduce the operating costs of enterprises, and realize the traceability of drugs and medical devices.
        It is of great significance to establish a global data exchange system on the basis of unified coding standards and break through traceability barriers. "The two ends of the drug and medical device traceability system are internationally called & lsquo; end to end & rsquo;. The first & lsquo; end & rsquo; is the production end, and the second & lsquo; end & rsquo; is the hospital. There are complex product and personnel crossing between these two ends." Yan Liang, vice president of Shanghai Medical Device Industry Association, said that as an important carrier in the traceability system, the label has formed a closed loop of information flow and logistics after being manually identified to electronic identification.
        The production, circulation and other information of the products are pushed to the hospital through the tracing system. When an adverse event occurs, it provides convenience for tracing the source. It can not only accurately locate the batch and other information of the products, but also quickly find the people who use the products and conduct timely intervention. Although there are differences in the relevant laws and regulations of drugs and medical device products in various countries, the unification of technical standards and coding rules has become a trend. "If each country has its own UDI (unique identification of medical devices) coding method, even if there are small differences between them, it is impossible to form a global unified traceability system. If the labels and codes of products are repeatedly changed across countries and regions in the process of distribution and supply chain management, how to determine the safety responsibility?" Yan Liang said that it has become an international consensus to adopt the GS1 global unified identification system as the UDI coding method to carry out effective identification in the medical and health field.
        According to the data, at present, more than 70 countries have mandated or accepted GS1 standards for medical product identification or traceability. In China, more than 90% of pharmaceutical enterprises use commodity bar codes, and more than 80% of non prescription drugs in the market are printed with commodity bar codes. As of June 2020, more than 12000 pharmaceutical manufacturing enterprises and more than 3500 medical device manufacturing enterprises have applied for GS1 commodity barcode in China. GS1 based medical device management system has been applied in more than 200 hospitals in Beijing, Shanghai and other places. Zhang Chenghai, director of China article coding center, said that the adoption of a coding system consistent with the international standard can ensure the interconnection of traceability information and the effectiveness of traceability work, so as to achieve national and even global traceability.
        "When it comes to traceability, there is an idea called & lsquo; one step forward and one step backward. & lsquo; one step forward & rsquo; is to understand the raw material information in a product supply chain, and & lsquo; one step backward & rsquo; is to understand where the product has gone. Under this basic idea, with the development of technology, more product information can be connected in a chain." Qian Heng, President of the New Generation Technology Standardization Research Institute of the Shandong Academy of Sciences, said that from the perspective of traceability, product identification, i.e. standardization and individual unique coding, is indispensable. The unique code is identified, and the data carrier needs to be specified.
        "Whether it is a one-dimensional bar code, a two-dimensional bar code, an RFID electronic tag, an NFC electronic tag, etc., these data carriers write the unique code of an individual into the system in a standardized form." Qian Heng said that from the perspective of standardized systems, based on unique codes and data carriers, more efficient standardized data are gathered in the whole supply chain, and data exchange between systems is realized. The traceability system is formed. In recent years, China's traceability system construction has achieved positive results in promoting the innovation of regulatory methods, improving the quality management ability of enterprises, and ensuring consumer safety, but it has also gone through a detour in the root cause of coding. Earlier, there were several sets of different coding rules for similar items in China, which caused difficulties for users to effectively identify the item information.
        With the rapid development of China's article coding industry, the unification of product codes is an inevitable trend. In particular, the commodity bar code settlement system based on the GS1 global unified coding and identification system has been accepted by more and more users. The role of GS1 code as "commodity ID card" will become more prominent, and the traceability system construction will be broken. According to the statistics of China article coding center, there are more than 800000 production enterprises in China that have GS1 global unified coding marks. At present, there are hundreds of millions of products using commodity bar codes, and the coverage rate of commodity bar codes in the retail industry is over 95%. At the same time, article coding has been applied in the emerging digital economy fields such as the Internet of things, big data and blockchain technology.
        The emergence and iteration of new technologies have significantly improved the operation efficiency and safety control level of the traceability system. The wide application of 5g technology provides an efficient, stable and full coverage network environment; The emergence of blockchain technology makes it possible to trace data with non repudiation; The application of biometric recognition and other technologies will promote the traceability system to play a greater role; Big data is a great benefit to the traceability system. "The information in the traceability system itself is the source of big data. To master the & lsquo; ubiquitous & rsquo; data, it is required to greatly increase the amount, frequency and scope of data collection. Through the analysis of big data, the feedback results will be more conducive to the accurate functioning of the traceability system and ultimately have a positive impact on the traceability.
        ”Qian Heng said. Recently, the major project of the autonomous region's key R & D Program "R & D and application of Ningxia wine grape intelligent agricultural machinery equipment" hosted by Ningxia University passed the acceptance of experts. In view of the problems in magnesium electrolyte, Cui Guanglei's research team established the synthesis route of boron (aluminum) based magnesium salt through a large number of screening tests and theoretical analysis, and developed a series of high-performance boron (aluminum) based magnesium electrolyte systems. With the implementation of the "west to East power transmission" strategy and the large-scale development and outward transmission of clean energy, China has gradually built a super large complex power grid with the highest voltage level, the longest transmission distance and AC / DC hybrid connection in the world. We will strengthen the cultivation of enterprise innovation subjects and improve the echelon cultivation system of science and technology-based enterprises in the whole life cycle. In the first half of 2022, the number of high-tech enterprises in the district will reach more than 3300, and the number of national incubators will reach 22.
        In order to promote the sharing of resources in the field of high energy physics, in 2019, the Ministry of science and technology and the Ministry of Finance recognized the national high energy physics science data center, gave it stable support, and promoted the open sharing of high energy physics science data. Researchers say that climate model predictions may generally underestimate 1979-mdash; For the Arctic amplification effect in 2021, they called for a more detailed study of the mechanism of the Arctic amplification effect and its performance in climate models. Chemists from Scripps Institute and UCLA have developed a powerful new method to modify bicyclic azaarenes widely used to construct drug molecules accurately and flexibly.
        What is eye-catching is not only the appearance. As the most modern and automated port in Israel and even the eastern Mediterranean region, Haifa new port is more dazzling because of the core competitiveness brought by China's science and technology. Can the micro system make stealth technology a reality, can the complex biological detection process become simple, and can the spacecraft power system in the deep air become more efficient & hellip& hellip;。 The annual World 5g conference, held for four consecutive years, brings together scientists, entrepreneurs, investors and heads of international organizations in the global 5g field, hoping to inject vitality and make good suggestions for the development of 5g. "China is a large agricultural country, with nearly 500 million people living in rural areas. To solve China's problems, we must solve the" three rural issues ".
        ”。 At the international consumer electronics exhibition at the beginning of this year, the Korean enterprise beyondhoneycomb participated in the exhibition as a representative company of food science and technology that studies artificial intelligence robots for catering. Human DNA encoding core functions in muscle cells is inserted into the DNA of yeast cells, and the humanized yeast model can be used in cancer research and other fields. Researchers at the Seine medical center in the United States have created an extremely realistic and detailed computer model of brain cells, combining data sets from different types of laboratories, presenting a complete picture of the electrical, genetic and biological activities of a single neuron. Researchers from the Pritzker School of molecular engineering at the University of Chicago in the United States have developed a flexible and stretchable computing chip that processes information by imitating the human brain.
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