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Xu Jing, standardization expert of quchain Technology: web30 exploration based on blockchain

Time : 08/12/2021 Author : axzm45 Click : + -
        A few days ago, the online meeting organized by the trusted blockchain promotion plan (TBI), the big data blockchain working group (wg6) of the big data technology standard Promotion Committee (ccsatc601) and the blockchain technology application working committee of the Internet association of China was successfully held. The salon invited experts from relevant units such as Qulian technology and Hongdong technology to present a wonderful sharing of Web3.0 practice and thinking for the audience. Xu Jing, the standardization expert of Qulian technology, first reviewed the development history of the Internet, outlined the characteristics of Web1.0, Web2.0 and Web3.0, and summarized the four types of problems existing in Web2.0: value distribution, data monopoly, personalization and user experience.
        Then, the technology and application system of Web3.0 are emphatically introduced. Finally, the future innovation and development of Web3.0 are prospected. Looking at the development of the Internet from the perspective of logical expression, what are the changes in the logic of information technology and digital development from Web1.0 to Web3.0? The portal of Web1.0 is embodied as a web browser, which solves the core problems of information aggregation, search and distribution. The logic processing is mainly on the portal, and the data is stored on the server. What about Web 2.0? The Web2.0 portal is represented as an app application, which handles the distribution of content based on the closed protocol of each platform. The logic processing is mainly on each platform, and the data storage is mainly on the cloud server.
        While Web3.0 is represented as various forms of DAPP applications, the logic processing is based on a kind of open rules and protocol standards defined by distributed organizations, and the data processing and storage are based on distributed open protocols. If we look at the development of the Internet from the perspective of subject performance, the development of the Internet is to enable ordinary people to obtain more and more information and get opportunities to show themselves, and people can exchange information more equally. Web1.0 mainly reflects that the content release comes from various institutions, such as scientific research organizations. The ownership of the released content also belongs to institutions and companies. The main user groups are scientific research or technical personnel. In the Web2.0 era, the content release mainly comes from PGC professional content producers, and then the content is released to the platform. The content ownership belongs to the platform, and the main user groups are middle and high-level and ordinary users.
        In fact, after the development of web2.5 mobile Internet, ordinary users can also participate. From our perspective of Web3.0, the content publishing subject of Web3.0 is mainly personal users, and the content source is mainly generated by UGC users. Through blockchain and other technical means, the ownership of the content will belong to individuals. In addition, we can access Web3.0 through VR / AR and other virtual devices. From the perspective of Web2.0, what deficiencies do Web3.0 need to make up for in Web2.0? Here, it can be summarized into four aspects: value distribution, data monopoly, personalization and user experience.
        In terms of value, the data ownership of Web2.0 belongs to the platform party. In fact, in order to use their applications, users have to agree to sacrifice the control of private data before they can use the applications. The benefits generated by the corresponding content have no profit sharing opportunities, and multi platform also leads to the dispersion of value. In terms of data monopoly, data monopoly has caused problems such as data island, data abuse, data privacy and algorithm hegemony. In terms of personalization, Web2.0 applications tend to be more unitary, unable to express their own individuality and lack a unified identity system. Finally, in terms of experience, the business model of Web2.0 is characterized by an advertising model. We will encounter annoying advertisements everywhere. In addition, the Internet services we obtain are not intelligent enough.
        In my opinion, the core content of future Web3.0 includes openness and inclusiveness, democratic autonomy, privacy and security, composability, sustainability and portability. Open inclusion mainly refers to open protocols, open functions and open data. Democratic autonomy means that everyone shares the interests of each other and the value brought by the industrial chain. Democratic decision-making can be carried out in the form of autonomous organizations. Privacy security mainly refers to that Web3.0 drives privacy computing, secure storage and digital identity through cryptography technology to ensure our personal privacy security. Composability mainly means that different open protocols can be freely combined, and protocols can be freely invoked.
        Sustainability mainly refers to that the individual user and brand value can be accumulated continuously, and the user centered application ecology can be established through open agreements, and the user can continuously own the ownership and use right of the content. Portability mainly refers to the portability of data. Web3.0 provides users with the possibility of "free migration" of data. The application can directly access the data connection users of the open protocol. The data does not belong to the service provider, but belongs to the entire Web3.0 ecosystem. Finally, with regard to the future outlook of Web3.0, we borrowed the contents of "Web3.0 is a new generation of Internet that is gradually evolving" recently published by Yao Ju, director of the science and Technology Supervision Bureau of China Securities Regulatory Commission.
        From four aspects, the first is to improve the infrastructure, the second is to pilot technological innovation, the third is to establish common standards, and the fourth is to clarify legal supervision. In terms of infrastructure improvement, there are still many technical elements and infrastructure that are not perfect. It is necessary to further increase the R & D investment and industrial layout of relevant technologies, and establish a new data infrastructure on this basis. From the perspective of technological innovation pilot, we still need to provide "safe" innovation space for the new economic model and reduce innovation costs and policy risks through the innovation pilot mechanism. From the perspective of establishing a common standard, Web3.0, like Web2.0 protocol, also needs to establish a common standard to avoid each distributed network becoming a new island.
        In terms of clear legal supervision, we propose to establish a clear legal framework for new concepts such as autonomous organizations at the national level, and then enable them to perform the same legal obligations and rights as ordinary enterprises, so that the regulatory authorities can conduct corresponding supervision. At present, information technology is changing with each passing day, and new models and new formats are ushering in an all-round outbreak. The next decade will be a critical period for the development of the next generation of Internet. Web3.0 and metauniverse will play an important role in it. As a leading enterprise in blockchain, quchain technology has carried out in-depth research on Web3.0. It will make full use of its own resources and work with all parties to conduct in-depth discussions and judgments on the connotation, technology, application, economy, industry and other aspects of Web3.0, gradually establish an innovative environment and jointly help the future development of Web3.0.
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