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Blockchain policy shift: China and South Korea attach importance to support, the United States and Japan attach importance to supervision, and many countries promote national digital currency

Time : 02/12/2021 Author : brpa83 Click : + -
        With the continuous development of the blockchain field in 2019, the blockchain policies of various countries have also changed accordingly. According to the statistics of public data, there were 181 policy information related to blockchain support and 187 regulatory policy information in the world in the first half of the year. These policy information comes from 65 countries and 4 international organizations respectively. It can be seen that all countries are paying more attention to the development of the blockchain field. According to the observation of mutual chain pulse, with the official implementation of the regulations on the management of blockchain information services on February 15, China's blockchain supervision is more inclined to "keep the truth" than the previous "de counterfeiting" of the 1994. Support policies for promoting the development of real blockchain projects in various parts of the country have also gradually followed.
        Abroad, the United States has incorporated digital currency into the existing securities regulatory system; South Korea pays more attention to financial support in the blockchain field while monitoring; Thailand, Ukraine, Marshall and other countries began to promote the development of national digital currencies. According to incomplete statistics of mutual chain pulse, in the first half of 2019, there were 106 domestic policy information on blockchain support, accounting for 75% of the total domestic policy information; There are 35 pieces of regulatory information. It can be seen that on the basis of strong supervision, domestic support for blockchain technology is not weak at all. According to the statistics of the pulse of the mutual chain from the time dimension, the information related to the blockchain support policy in January was the most, with a total of 26 items.
        At the beginning of the year, many provinces and cities indicated in their work reports and conference reports that they would focus on developing the blockchain field. At the beginning of this month, Yuhang District of Hangzhou held a meeting and said that it would focus on the development of blockchain and other technologies; The people's Government of Guangdong Province issued the notice on several policies and measures to further promote scientific and technological innovation, including supporting the application of blockchain and other technologies in the financial field. It is not only Hangzhou and Guangdong provinces that have long had a layout in the blockchain field, but also Harbin in Heilongjiang Province and Ganzhou in Jiangxi Province have announced relevant support policy information at this time. The number is second to that in January. In April, 22 pieces of supporting policy information were released, including 5 pieces of supporting policy information proposed by ministries and commissions alone.
        In early April, the national development and Reform Commission publicly solicited opinions on the Guiding Catalogue for industrial restructuring (2019 version, draft for comments). Compared with the version released in 2013, the 2019 guidance directory adds "big data, cloud computing, information technology services and blockchain information services within the scope of national permission" to the encouraged "information industry"; In mid April, the Ministry of industry and information technology announced the list of pilot demonstration projects of network security technology application, including 6 blockchain projects. Different from the impression of strong supervision and a large number of regulatory policies, according to the statistics of mutual chain pulse, the total amount of domestic regulatory information in the first half of the year was 35. In the first half of the year, the largest number of relevant information was in March, with a total of 9 pieces of relevant information.
        The most important is that on March 30, the state Internet Information Office released the first batch of domestic blockchain information service filing numbers, and urged the non filing entities to fulfill their filing obligations as soon as possible. In addition, government agencies in Beijing, Shanxi Province, Hebei Province and other places have reminded the public to be vigilant against virtual currency blockchain Scams: on March 7, the Beijing Banking and Insurance Regulatory Bureau said that it was vigilant against virtual currency blockchain scams; On March 22, Beijing Mutual Fund Association issued a document to prevent the risk of illegal and criminal activities in the name of sto. In addition to the regulatory information in March, the number of blockchain regulatory information in other months was basically maintained at 5, which was 3 times different from the supporting policy information.
        In the first half of 2019, there were 118 pieces of information related to foreign blockchain support policies; There are 152 pieces of regulatory information. Among them, the country with the most foreign support policy information is South Korea, with a total of 17 articles, accounting for 14.4% of the total support information. South Korea's support for the blockchain field is mainly reflected in: the investment of governments and departments in the blockchain field in South Korea; Policy support for blockchain enterprises. In the first quarter of 2019 alone, there were 6 pieces of information about South Korea's financial support for the blockchain field:. The policy support for blockchain enterprises is as follows: on March 13, the Patent Office of the Republic of Korea: it will provide centralized support for blockchain and other start-ups that are taking shape; On May 2, the Financial Services Commission of the Republic of Korea has designated 9 financial enterprises to provide innovative services using new technologies such as blockchain.
        While South Korea vigorously supports the blockchain field, the United States has also put forward corresponding fund support policies. On January 10, the US Department of energy funded the blockchain research project; On March 20, the US Department of health and human services invested US $7 million to explore blockchain and other technologies. As the second largest country in terms of information on blockchain support policies, the United States has 13 pieces of relevant information, accounting for 11%. Most of them are related bills passed by various states to promote the development of blockchain. On January 28, Washington, D.C. proposed a bill to encourage the development of blockchain technology; On April 26, the Ohio House of Representatives proposed a bill to allow government entities to adopt blockchain technology.
        Russia's supporting information is mainly to allow cryptocurrency trading and use; Germany, on the other hand, is gradually laying out the development of blockchain, studying development suggestions and planning to establish research institutes. The "industry 4.0 vision 2030" document released by the "industry 4.0 platform" established by the German government indicates that blockchain and other partners are actively communicating with China and other partners on the work agenda; The more important supporting information of Japan is that in June, the Japanese government proposed the policy of promoting the adoption of blockchain and other technologies at the "future investment conference". Further promote the integration of blockchain technology and various application fields. And Thailand's focus is on the central bank's digital currency project.
        In March, the governor of the Bank of Thailand said that he was carrying out the central bank's digital currency project to promote the development of bank clearing. The number of foreign blockchain regulatory policy information is more than the number of supporting information, with a total of 152. Among them, the United States has the largest number, with 28 articles, accounting for 18.42%. The regulatory information in the United States is mainly the regulatory acts implemented by Congress and various states around cryptocurrencies: on January 30, the US Congress passed a bill to study the use of cryptocurrencies for illegal transactions; On February 20, the house of representatives of Wyoming recently passed two bills on cryptocurrency regulation; On March 1, California congressmen proposed a new bill to regulate the cryptocurrency business; On April 2, the US Congress submitted two new cryptocurrency bills aimed at solving the problem of crypto price manipulation and enhancing the competitive advantage of crypto.
        Just as the United States has more regulation than support, Japan has more regulatory information than support information. There are 19 pieces of regulatory information, accounting for 12.5% of the total regulatory confidence. Its content is mainly to review the financing and transaction of virtual currency. Russia and South Korea have 11 pieces of regulatory information respectively. The regulatory information in Russia mainly records the process of the Russian parliament's continuous promotion of digital financial assets and cryptocurrency related bills in the first half of the year. The main regulation in South Korea is that the financial supervision institute said to maintain the ICO ban; And include blockchain services into the financial regulatory sandbox review object. In March, the Supreme People's Procuratorate of the Republic of Korea also set up a special investigation team on cryptocurrency and other crimes. According to the financial supervision institute, the number of cryptocurrency related reports and negotiations increased from 53 in 2016 to 453 in 2017, an increase of more than eight times.
        Like South Korea, Spain, Rwanda, Ghana, Malta and other countries have also carried out response practices on the criminal acts of cryptocurrency to warn the public of the risks of cryptocurrency. On February 12, the Central Bank of Spain warned citizens of the risks of cryptocurrency; On April 26, the Malta Financial Services Authority issued a guideline on crypto assets and fraud; On May 20, the Ghanaian police issued a warning to the public about the risk of encrypted hijacking attacks; On May 30, the Central Bank of Rwanda warned citizens to beware of cryptocurrency investment scams. At the end of June, Facebook released the Libra white paper, which made countries more alert and pay more attention to the regulation of cryptocurrency.
        On June 24, the Financial Services Committee of the US House of representatives said that it would hold a hearing on Libra on July 17. Subsequently, an official of the Bank of Thailand said that the Bank of Thailand had set up a task force to examine Facebook's Libra; Mu Changchun, deputy director of the payment and Settlement Department of the people's Bank of China, also said that Libra should be included in the regulatory framework of the central bank. With the R & D of Libra and the involvement of more international "big manufacturers". The global regulatory situation in the second half of the year and the changes in the support of blockchain deserve attention.
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