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Matrix element dialogue to discuss blockchain and privacy computing from the establishment of the order in the full digital era

Time : 10/11/2021 Author : j825i1 Click : + -
        On April 12, 2020, the epidemic seemed to have calmed down in Shenzhen. Li Hua, an independent writer, wanted to discuss some issues about blockchain, and gave a long list of questions. For a while, I didn't know where to start. I was just waiting for my daughter to take extra-curricular courses and have two hours of leisure, so I wrote down the following answers that can not be called articles. I'm very familiar with Li Hua, and I didn't think about publishing it. I didn't give a satisfactory explanation on many things, so I procrastinated until today, adding some contents and revising some characters. This is a chat record, which is called dialogue record. About the blockchain, about data, about privacy computing, about infrastructure, and more about the era we are immersed in, or the order of obvious or dark existence.
        I am writing an article to interview several people and ask them to talk about what they think the use of blockchain will be. You have talked about this topic in other interviews before. Can I continue to interview you on this topic? Would you like to talk? Just ask some questions to understand what you mean?. "The real goal of the blockchain is to become a public infrastructure in the all digital era" and "the blockchain is a financial infrastructure". Does this public infrastructure mean the financial infrastructure, or is it broader than the latter?. OK ~ maybe most of the questions are answered by you, and I will ask them according to your answers. Let me first put forward the problems that I don't understand and need to clear up.
        Q1. "The real goal of the blockchain is to become a public infrastructure in the all digital era." the blockchain is a financial infrastructure. "Does this public infrastructure mean financial infrastructure, or is it broader than the latter?. Q2. Why did you add the qualifier "all digital era" before "public infrastructure", instead of, for example, blockchain is the infrastructure of the future?. Q7. Only when privacy computing is realized can data become an independent entity of rights and interests. Just like under slavery, can data be sovereign individuals in the future?. Q8. If the blockchain is understood as a public infrastructure for design and development, what is the biggest difference between the development of the blockchain as, for example, another scientific and technological innovation?.
        A2. However, the blockchain is not really suitable for the complete migration of existing financial services to a large extent, but is mainly suitable for large-scale transaction services and liquidity support of "data assets" in the "digital currency" era. A3. The basic reason for the so-called "public" is that "data" is different from other traditional assets. "Data" has some inherent public attributes, which are different from the completely private attributes of other assets. A4. The "ownership", "use right" and "processing right" of "data" still exist in the ownership and definition of individuals, institutions, agents, technology providers, operators, Internet companies, governments and other multiple subjects. There are multiple, multi-faceted and multi domain games in the fields of jurisprudence, politics, ethics and technology.
        A complete and self consistent architecture has not been given yet. A5. Due to the lack of credibility and "value" of data from a single source, the data with "value" should be more characterized by multi-source, multi-dimensional and multi-party continuous operation; These analyses cannot be limited to the supply of a single subject;. A6. Therefore, the "public attribute" of the inherent endowment of data determines that the infrastructure carrying its liquidity has a broader connotation and extension, and can no longer be limited to the traditional processing methods of a single data format, a single asset type, a single clearing mechanism, and a single vertical field. The infrastructure must have comprehensive processing capacity covering multiple types of data sources, multiple structure data, multiple equity entities and multiple calculation configurations;.
        A7. The basic mission of infrastructure is to face the future large-scale applications. The decisive feature of the public attribute of data determines the connotation definition and extension of infrastructure;. A8. Heidegger said that mankind needs to "poetically inhabit the earth". The digitization process has evolved it into "poetically inhabit the digital territory". However, there is no "poetry" at present, because the infrastructure construction and the early "order" construction have not been completed. A9. Human beings depend on "order". The traditional energy, land and population, which are the basic elements of production, are not enough to reflect and carry all human social activities. The digital age represented by data has constructed such a new "order". With the increasingly nonlinear growth of the "scale" of human social network, The essence of "data" and corresponding digital activities is to reduce the "comprehensive operating cost" of social networks, which is the secret basis for mankind to enter the "digital era";.
        A10. The construction of the new order is inseparable from the demand and substantial growth of data mobility. In the past few decades, the practice of it and the Internet has transformed part of human behavior habits into the essence that the network is the bus of daily life. However, it still does not map or transition all physical life to the network behavior characterized by numbers. So it is only partially digitized, A11. The basic representation of "full" digitization may be the comprehensive real-time online of human physical life and social life, but its secret root lies in the multi-party game behind it, so as to establish a basic "order". Among them, the "good" "The essence of the order is to ensure that every individual's digital natural rights can be clearly defined and confirmed, entrusted and authorized, traded and benefited; without complete, self consistent and self-sufficient data natural rights, there is no order to speak of;.
        A12. The all digital era can be simply constructed as: node + data + connection, without these three elements of sufficient scale, There will be no "emergence" of sufficient scale, and there will be no probable and reasonable "order". A14. There is a basic reality behind the "natural rights" of all stakeholders of data: that is, the vast majority of "nodes" or "data owners" that can be identified "They do not have sufficient data processing + analysis + trading capabilities. This determines that they will inevitably seek to transfer, transfer, authorize and delegate all their natural rights to other competent" nodes "in the form of licenses under various specific orders;.
        A15、 The existence of the above problems constitutes the "hidden order" behind the new generation of public infrastructure; it needs to be further clarified as an open, transparent and executable "clear order". A16. The essence of privacy computing is the basic component of the "order" in the all digital era. Without the processing ability of data ciphertext, the "order" cannot be guaranteed "The supply of. Just as the definition of private property and the legal boundary have not yet existed, there is no rise of mercantile capitalism. A17. As a component of the ability on which the order in the all digital era depends, private computing is bound to be the basic endowment of public infrastructure in this era. Its fundamental significance not only constructs order, constructs new commerce, carries new networks, but also reconstructs human behavior, and further defines what is human number The literal life and the "natural rights" that follow.
        A18、 So called "infrastructure" "The comprehensive realization of data order is not necessarily dependent on only one technology. Blockchain technology is an implementation of distributed ledger technology, and distributed ledger is an implementation of distributed technology. It is a cognitive bias of blind people to discuss application without specific technology, discuss specific technology without order construction, and discuss data value without practical application. A21. But the underlying driving force behind it is The power comes from: the large-scale human social network will inevitably need to reduce the comprehensive cost of the network nonlinearly. In short, it will exchange less investment for the operation of the network.
        There must be a "basic metabolic rate" similar to life "This is the core indicator that infrastructure needs to consider. Q9. Can we understand it this way: blockchain solves the consistency of payment and settlement, and it is a kind of financial infrastructure; in the digital era, due to the public nature of data, other forms of financial infrastructure are not competent for the circulation and exchange of data assets, and blockchain is competent. So we say that the real goal of blockchain is to become all digital Public infrastructure in the era of urbanization. Q10. And, can we understand it this way: in life in the non digital era, financial infrastructure is only one of the infrastructures for social operation, and of course it is a very important one; However, in the digital era, because data almost means everything, the financial infrastructure carrying data circulation and exchange is actually an important part of the "order" of this era. Its importance is different from that of the financial infrastructure today. Therefore, you call it "public infrastructure" instead of "financial infrastructure".
        A22. The financial infrastructure oriented to financial assets can not reflect all the problems of data capitalization, securitization and even monetization, Nor can it carry the "order" of full digitalization, nor can it meet the technical requirements contained in it. A23. The combination of various distributed computing technologies represented by "blockchain" can gradually meet this demand, not the blockchain itself. A24. Private computing and blockchain are not in the same field. Therefore, I have also used the word "next generation computing architecture" to thoroughly explain this change. A25. That is, the processing of plaintext under the conditions of single cloud architecture, single data format, single account system and ID has evolved into the processing of ciphertext under the conditions of cross cloud, cross data format, cross account and ID; From simple data exchange and data interoperability to complex computing interoperability.
        A26. The endogeneity of data is a recognized new generation of production factors, but like land, energy and other factors, it also needs a process of refining and valuing. A27. Its public attribute itself also determines that the data of single source, single purpose and single dimension is difficult to have real value. Therefore, we can not say "data assets" in general, but focus on the computability of data. A28. The massive supply of data will lead to the transfer of pricing power to "computing parties" that can jointly provide value. What we really care about is "computable resources", not "data" in general. The future network is no longer data-driven, but has computable resources to drive and price.
        It will directly determine the scale and mobility of the network itself. It can be seen as the Internet called "computing interoperability". Q12. Well, when we say that the blockchain is a financial infrastructure, the reason given earlier is that "it was originally constructed to solve the final consistency problem of payment and settlement", so I want to write down the causal relationship between the two. Q13. Does "hidden order" mean to seek transfer, transfer and authorization? Does "clear order" mean that "seeking transfer, transfer and authorization" is open, transparent and enforceable?. Q14. "There must be a" basic metabolic rate "similar to life. This is the core indicator that infrastructure needs to consider?.
        Q15. "But the fundamental driving force behind it comes from: the large-scale human social network will inevitably need to reduce the comprehensive cost of the network nonlinearly. In short, it means that less investment is used to exchange the operation of the network." what is the relationship between "less investment is used to exchange the operation of the network" and "order"? Does order serve the former?. Q16. In general, what is the specific role of blockchain in building a new order in the digital era? Or what is its relationship with the new order and other components of the new order?. A31. The important difference between data and other factors of production is that the endowment of data is the "public attribute" of incomplete privatization.
        The realization of its intrinsic value can not be separated from the reasonable realization and definition of its public and private attributes, that is, the value of data needs to be realized through collaboration among multiple parties, and "collaboration" creates value instead of individual rating, valuation and pricing. Therefore, a new generation of infrastructure carrying data production factors is required to be realized around its basic endowment. A32. From the perspective of computable resources, it will no longer be restricted by industries, regions, standards and types, and its essence will be restored to "Protocol" interoperability, instead of requiring each industry, region, standard and specific type of data to customize its required infrastructure. This is what super liquidators can achieve.
        A33. "Hidden order" is a word that pops out of your mind when you type and answer a question just now, that is, before data is strictly defined or regarded as "computable resources", there are corresponding transfers, transfers and authorizations. We tacitly or unconsciously transfer the right to process and use the data, and even in the process of transferring the right to process, we have transferred the ownership sustainably. This issue must be determined and clarified through the emerging infrastructure, which requires complete separation of ownership, use right and processing right. A34. How to measure the utility or effectiveness of infrastructure? How to measure the operability or comprehensive cost of infrastructure? How to measure the basic capacity or load boundary of the infrastructure? How to measure the safety threshold or extreme value of infrastructure? All these need to give a measurable indicator system of the infrastructure itself. Like life, the blockchain infrastructure that carries energy, information and data mobility will also have a basic metabolic capacity to solve the above problems.
        A35. From the perspective of final business, each technology has its specific limitations and deployment requirements, and has its own characteristics under different scenarios and application requirements. But in general, the large-scale implementation of the new generation of privacy computing needs to be highly dependent on the large-scale deployment and commercialization of cryptography. Cryptography gives a system "provable security" from the mathematical theory. That is to say, the "extreme value" or "security level" of the security that can be obtained by the privacy attribute of the computable resources in a system is determined by the cryptological basis of the efficient and verifiable use of the system. A36. Order means that the system is convergent rather than divergent, the cost is measurable and acceptable rather than unlimited, and the multi-party game relationship is in dynamic equilibrium rather than chaos.
        Order is a comprehensive definition and abstraction of the sustainable operation of the whole system, rather than a priori theory or a general description. A37. The narrow definition of blockchain refers to the implementation of a distributed ledger technology, which is only part of the technologies used in the future infrastructure, not all of them. The broad sense of blockchain has been used today as a synonym for the infrastructure of the entire digital era. However, it still needs to cooperate with other technologies such as privacy computing network, IOT and AI to truly support the whole new order. The direct utility of human needs still comes from various data-oriented applications, rather than infrastructure technologies that are relatively hidden at the bottom.
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