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Why is NFT a nightmare?

Time : 01/05/2022 Author : yavz63 Click : + -
        This is a sharing that has triggered heated discussion in the overseas developer community. Compared with the caution of domestic game developers, many overseas developers obviously have Wilder fantasies about NFT games. Especially in the context of Web3.0 today, NFT will ". However, at the just concluded big (Brazilian Game Developers Conference), Brazilian game producer markventurelli changed the PPT of the original title" the future of game design "to" why NFT is a nightmare ". It is worth mentioning that there are many blockchain companies such as ripio and Lakea among the sponsors of 2022big.
 
        Markventurelli is the game producer of chromasquad. Beholdstudio, led by him, has developed many games on multiple platforms. His latest work is a space themed multiplayer online cooperative game outofspace. Mark said that NFT games not only have no innovation in game playing, but also are destroying the basic concepts of game design. He believes that the essence of NFT games is a speculative economic activity. In NFT games that allow legal RMT (game virtual props used as real currency transactions), players will no longer have any game experience.
 
        In his half-hour speech, mark elaborated on why the essence of blockchain is a system based on mistrust, and "the future of game design" should be a trust based solution. He believes that only in this way can it be sustainable, humane and infinitely scalable. I have worked in the Brazilian game industry for 15 years and witnessed many things that happened between 2007 and 2022. When we first started to develop games for steam, someone told me that "social games are the future"; Some people say we are idiots. Today I will talk about some new things that have emerged, free games, cloud games, virtual reality, all these innovations, as you may have seen in other speeches today.
 
        In fact, I cheated you today. I'm worried that if I say to tell the organizer the real title of my speech &mdash& mdash; "Why NFT is a nightmare" (the original title "the future of game design"), they will not allow me to share. Well, let's not mention those untenable arguments. Like "Damn it, I don't understand blockchain, that's why I criticize it". Besides, blockchain is not complicated, is it? Some things, such as neural network, physical simulation, rendering pipeline &hellip& hellip; Or connect the printer to WiFi. These things are more complicated than blockchain. Not only me, but also many people, I believe, don't understand them.
 
        However, blockchain is not so complex. I am very familiar with blockchain. I have studied this topic for many years. I used to think it was interesting, but now I'm sure blockchain is a meaningless technology. But there are so many people investing in blockchain. Is everyone wrong? In fact, Brazil is the fifth country with the largest cryptocurrency in the world, and more than 10million Brazilians hold various virtual currencies. But what many people are doing does not mean that this is the right thing. Some people say that NFT is like free games, mobile games and social games. It's the trend of the future. You're too old to accept it.
 
        But no, it's different from these things, not even close. Because this is not a change in business model, a technological change, or a new platform or interface. What playtoearn does is transform games from culture and entertainment to economic activities. How on earth did they do it? OK, fasten your seat belt. I'm ready to start. We talked about economics, philosophy and politics, but I swear it has something to do with game design!. First, what is blockchain? Blockchain is a wonderful solution to extremely specific problems. That is to say: keep a safe account book among a group of people who don't trust at all. A completely decentralized system that does not trust law, institutions, or any type of central authority.
 
        But I think blockchain is actually a wonderful solution &hellip& hellip; Solved the wrong problem. Because what is the context in which we want to solve a completely untrusted system? Why is the trust index an excellent indicator of the development of any human group? Generally, the higher the trust between people, the higher the efficiency of the team; The less trust, the more energy this group needs to achieve the same goals. I will tell a short story here: Neanderthals can't innovate and discover new things about the world because he spends too much energy on others to attack him or steal his cave.
 
        So [he] and other Neanderthals agreed that they would not attack each other. They believe that this rule will be respected, so these groups have more energy to devote to other things and develop. This is how society works: we give up a little personal freedom. You can't hit people on the head, but we get more freedom in return. Human groups organized in this way are generally more successful, paving the way for increasingly complex organizations. Generally speaking, social trust index is highly correlated with development. The trust index of the least developed countries is high, while that of the less developed countries is low. When I say "trust index", it refers to trust in others, government, institutions, etc.
 
        The higher the per capita GDP, the higher the education level, and the lower the degree of social inequality. The less trust we have, the more energy we have to spend working together. Imagine what a nightmare it would be to live with someone I absolutely can't trust, and I need to lock my things. Install cameras around the house to hide my valuables. Every time I leave and come back, I have to check whether my things are still there. I must be vigilant and lock my door. If the door is unlocked, I need to install one, and so on. In short, I have to spend a lot of energy living with people I don't trust. If I work with a team without trust, I must always be vigilant, so that people will not steal my reputation. I am afraid of making mistakes and it is difficult to innovate.
 
        If I live in a society without trust, I need a weapon to protect myself. If I don't believe anyone, it's almost the end of the world, just like the end of the zombie world. All my energy will be spent on survival and living at the most basic level of the pyramid of needs. Blockchain, because it is based on distrust, must also spend more energy. Here, I will compare two very similar systems. Bank of Brazil, with 90million users. Bitcoin has 106million users, with a similar number of users as Bank of Brazil. Let's see how much energy these two systems need each year. Bank of Brazil spent 532800 MWh and bitcoin spent 84700000 MWh, which is equivalent to three times the power consumption of New Zealand in the whole year.
 
        This is the energy that the bitcoin system has to spend every year because it does not trust people who participate in the system (or central institutions). If blockchain is a tool in a world without trust, its only real value is to play a role when the trust index is zero. But we want a world where we trust each other more. Why is blockchain the future? Why should we apply blockchain to everything? Why did we make such a mistake?. This is because blockchain was invented by 4channers of anarchic capitalism. In the eyes of 4channers, neither government nor economy should exist, and the earth is flat.
 
        Blockchain is like the theory of heaven and earth, which requires you to forget and deconstruct scientific knowledge. Anarchic capitalism requires you to forget and deconstruct social organizations, because you have to believe that capitalism can exist even without central authority. You need to forget that the whole process we have experienced as a society is basically "my God! The government is suppressing me!". This is an anti utopian world view, which does not interpret avalanche as criticism or irony, but as an ideal future. Basically, it's the cyberpunk world where everyone wears khaki pants. In its current state, blockchain is ultimately like a hammer, desperately looking for nails.
 
        Without a goal, it will eventually hit our own face. Cryptocurrency and NFT are speculative economic activities. Why is speculation bad? Why should we supervise casinos? Why is pyramid selling not allowed? As an economic activity, financial speculation is unproductive. Let me tell you another story. Imagine a group of farmers bringing their harvest to the market in exchange for other goods and services. At the end of the day in the market, each of them has created value for society. But if these farmers choose to bet on all the goods, who is stronger will decide who gets all the goods. Under this mode, no social value is created.
 
        Speculation is a zero sum system. Therefore, if someone uses NFT to "make money", it means that others lose money. In this process, we spent three New Zealand's energy. But game development is not speculation. Developing games can bring value. Because it meets human needs for culture, entertainment, education and escapism. Playtoearn turns games into an economic activity, and when it does, games lose their intrinsic value. The creation and consumption of games eventually form a cycle, and both become speculative activities. And this cycle is a "zero sum" system, or worse, it is not good for society.
 
        To explain why, we will finally talk about game design. These concepts are of great help to our understanding of the game experience. "Magic circle" basically describes how games give new meaning to the world. For example, getting a pair of fins is now a "target", or the chalk mark on the floor is now where you may or may not stand. The game has this amazing ability to give the world new meaning and make things different from the real world. These new meanings often bring a sense of security. For example, if we play "amongus", I can murder my friend, But in fact, no one died, and I won't go to jail for it.
 
        Therefore, this new meaning can often protect against the consequences of the real world. Because the conflict in the game is artificially designed, the artificial nature of the conflict is very important for it to play a role. We usually accept additional obstacles so that the game experience can work. So if we say "Hey, let's see who can run all the way to the edge of town". But if you take a taxi at this time, you will break the implicit rule of artificial conflict I created. In the "magic circle", I have defined what to do within the rules and what to do outside the rules. It's the kind of fantasy, the kind that has no consequences. That kind of artificial is essential for the magic of escapism and games.
 
        But wait, what about professional sports? Isn't sports an economic activity? yes! Professional sports is indeed an economic activity, but sports has social value. Sports is not speculation, and becoming an athlete is not speculation. Athletes and sports bring real value to society and to those who watch them, as entertainment and as culture. And in fact, as a part of the game experience, economic activities are not new things invented by blockchain — It will only make the game experience worse. Let's take a look at the existing parts of the current game experience and what blockchain can theoretically bring to the game.
 
        Interestingly, in the previous speech, when I asked blockchain game developers this question, they didn't answer any new answers, because they really didn't. 2. Projects created by the sales community itself, or "user generated content". If this is the line of NFT, NFT was invented years ago. 4. Do you want to sell your time or service? In no one in deep space, players hire designers to make things for them. In final fantasy 14, people hire designers to create their ERP nightclubs. Don't ask me how I know. 5. Even economic simulation, if you think of speculation as a kind of entertainment.
 
        You will manipulate the economy and try to make money. Isn't this entertainment? Yes, there are several games that can do this. "Everonline" and "Runescape" by the way, these are old games more than 10 years ago. Why have game economic simulation methods such as "everonline" and "Runescape" existed for more than 10 years (of course, there are ups and downs)? And can the economy without NFT games last more than a year before the explosion? This is because Eve has a central authority system to regulate the economy, which is the reason. But wait, NFT games can still bring a new type of game, because blockchain is very good at illegal and organized crime.
 
        Oh, wait, that's it. Isn't Diablo: immortality the experience of the casino? Basically, everything playtoearn can do has existed in other games for more than a decade, and it will only be better. Except for one thing &mdash& mdash; I don't know if you've heard of mmogordfarmers? Also known as real currency transactions (RMT) or real world transactions (RWT). They are plagued by online games, which were previously regarded as illegal and prohibited by blockchain games. Because it violates the rules and is cheating. Cheating destroys the magic circle and the artificiality of conflict.
 
        Remember Venezuela suffered from hyperinflation in 2019? Many people grow and sell gold in Runescape, and game currency has become a real currency. But it's illegal, okay? RMT is not permitted or approved by Jagex, the developer. Where there is RMT, there is script robot. If you find many scripts in any online game, it's because of RMT. Therefore, if there is a script running, it is because there is a system, usually an organization involved in obtaining real money through scripts. A good example is the recently released "Lost Ark" by Amazon. Due to a large number of scripts in the game, ordinary users cannot log in.
 
        Online games are often related to money laundering and organized crime. Anyway, this is not a good thing. But obviously, if you are a blockchain developer, you will see this and say, "cool! Let's become official! In the process of liberalizing the restrictions on gold, people made some promises, and even thought it was an interesting and desirable thing. I even saw someone repeat this promise in today's speech." you will play a cool game, and eventually you will make profits through your progress! " The person from Ubisoft said, "the final game is to give players the opportunity to resell their items after they finish or finish the game.". But for those who seek culture, entertainment and escapism, what is the value of this? This is an absolutely economic transaction &mdash& mdash; It is purely speculative.
 
        Like everything else on the blockchain, this is also a fraud. Because the reality of this commitment is that your game experience is completely destroyed, because those groups committed to making money in the system operate on a decreasing profit scale, because this is the way capitalism works. You can see
 
        
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