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"Digital collection application reference" released

Time : 01/04/2022 Author : xct0e6 Click : + -
        On July 6, the "digital collection application reference" edited by the blockchain copyright application center of the Key Laboratory of science and technology and standards of the State Press and publication administration was released. "Digital collection application reference" is sponsored by China Digital Culture Group, China cultural relics exchange center, China publishing media business daily, China NETAN blockchain center, Xinhua Wenxuan Sichuan digital publishing media Co., Ltd., Hangzhou International Digital Trading Co., Ltd., digital economy and financial innovation research center of Zhejiang University international joint business school, copyright special committee of Sichuan blockchain Industry Association, legal special committee of Shanghai blockchain Technology Association Sichuan Provincial game working committee, finance and economics • Chain new, Wanshang tianqin law firm, Deheng Law Firm and other units jointly released.
 
        As a phenomenal thing, digital collections have high popularity. At the same time, their security risks can not be ignored, such as infringement and piracy risk, content compliance risk, price speculation risk, network fraud risk, regulatory compliance risk, financial security risk, etc. With professionalism, practicality and authority as the core principles, digital collections application reference aims to create the first and most detailed application reference book in the field of digital collections. Based on existing laws and regulations, digital collection application reference actively explores the compliance, health and sustainable development of blockchain digital cultural products, and discusses the form definition, development status, safety risks, standardized application, relevant qualifications, case analysis and other aspects of digital collections, aiming to provide relevant blockchain platforms The application of distribution platforms and users and the supervision of relevant national departments provide theoretical references, help the strategic development of digital culture, and implement the outline of building a world-class intellectual property power with Chinese characteristics.
 
        Digital collections application reference defines digital collections as a new form of digital publications, and is divided into blockchain works copyright and blockchain digital publishing products. The copyright of blockchain works, such as copyright digital capitalization and securitization transactions, shall be carried out in an exchange approved by the provincial government or above according to law; After being published online, blockchain digital products can be sold in the form of limited and multiple blockchain digital publishing products. "Application reference of digital collections" introduces in detail the risks of access to public chains, virtual currencies, tokens, speculation, money laundering, pyramid schemes, illegal fund-raising, quasi finance, securitization, infringement, piracy, illegal publications, information and data security, which are prone to occur in digital collections, and provides comprehensive and professional risk prevention plans for practitioners and users.
 
        The compilation team of "digital collection application reference" hopes to provide the most detailed compliance application reference for the digital collection industry, including the operation process of digital collections, the underlying requirements of blockchain adopted, copyright review content, authorization review elements, key points of commissioned publishing, content of works on the chain, key points of online publishing, value evaluation principles, product distribution requirements, usage scenario promotion, and cross chain application paths. The application reference of digital collections also introduces the relevant qualifications involved in the field of digital collections, and gives guidance on obtaining blockchain information service registration, copyright service qualification, network publishing service license, value-added telecommunications business operation license, network culture operation license, property (digital) exchange, etc.
 
        The copyright of this reference book belongs to the blockchain copyright application center of the comprehensive Key Laboratory of science and technology and standards of the State Press and publication administration. The content has been linked and protected by law. If you reprint, extract or use the text or views of this reference book in other ways, you should indicate "source: blockchain copyright application center of the Key Laboratory of science, technology and standards of the State Press and Publication Administration". Those who violate the above statement will be investigated for their relevant legal responsibilities. As a phenomenal thing, digital collections have high popularity. At the same time, their security risks can not be ignored, such as infringement and piracy risk, content compliance risk, price speculation risk, network fraud risk, regulatory compliance risk, financial security risk, etc.
 
        In order to guide the healthy development of cultural digitalization and provide normative application reference for the digital collection industry, the blockchain copyright application center of the Key Laboratory of science and technology and standards of the State Press and publication administration, in conjunction with China Digital Culture Group, China cultural relics exchange center, China Publishing and media business daily, China Network Security blockchain center, Xinhua Wenxuan Sichuan digital publishing media Co., Ltd Relevant institutions and enterprises represented by Hangzhou International Digital Trading Co., Ltd. are committed to the creation, protection, application and transformation of blockchain and other technologies that enable cultural digitalization, and actively explore the compliance, healthy and sustainable development of blockchain digital cultural products on the basis of complying with existing laws and regulations.
 
        This reference book will discuss the definition, current situation, risks, norms, qualifications, cases and other aspects of digital collections, aiming to provide theoretical references for the application of blockchain platforms, distribution platforms and users related to the digital collection industry and the supervision of relevant national departments, help promote the strategic development of digital culture, and implement the outline of building a world-class intellectual property power with Chinese characteristics. In 2014, New York artist Kevin McCoy launched an NFT on the nano coin blockchain, which is generally considered to be the first NFT in history; In 2015, spellsofgenesis was launched, combining the economic system of the game with blockchain technology.
 
        On June 23, 2021, Alipay released Dunhuang Feitian payment code skin NFT; On August 2, 2021, on the official launch day of Tencent's NFT trading software phantom core, the "blockchain digital copyright asset transaction" launched by Alibaba auction with Zhixin chain and the new version of the chain opened the exploration of the application of NFT copyright specifications; In October 2021, the words "NFT" in the inner page of Tencent phantom core app and Alipay applet "ant chain fan Granule" disappeared and changed to "digital collection". On June 3, 2022, the blockchain copyright application center of the comprehensive Key Laboratory of science and technology and standards of the State Press and publication administration, Xinhua Wenxuan Sichuan digital publishing media, and Hangzhou National Digital Trading Center released the digital collection compliance distribution system "blockchain digital publishing and distribution trading platform matrix", and regarded digital collections as a new form of digital publications.
 
        (1) Digital mapping of physical objects. Some digital collections "copy" the original data of calligraphy and painting, cultural relics and works of art to generate digital products. The current stage of digital collections includes: written works, oral works, music, drama, folk art, dance, acrobatic art works, art, architectural works, photographic works, audio-visual works, engineering design drawings, product design drawings, maps, schematic diagrams and other graphic works and model works. 1. The definition of digital collections takes works as the core. The copyright law of the people's Republic of China stipulates that works refer to intellectual achievements that are original and can be expressed in certain forms in the fields of literature, art and science.
 
        2. The definition of digital collections is based on copyright. The copyright law of the people's Republic of China stipulates that copyright refers to the general term of property rights and personal rights enjoyed by copyright owners in literary, artistic and scientific works. 3. The definition of digital collections is based on online publications. The regulations on the administration of online publishing services stipulates that online publications refer to digital works that are provided to the public through information networks and have the publishing characteristics of editing, production, processing, reproduction, distribution, etc. Online publications mainly include: (1) original digital works such as knowledgeable and ideological words, pictures, maps, games, animation, audio and video books in the fields of literature, art, science and so on; (2) Digital works consistent with published books, newspapers, periodicals, audio-visual products, electronic publications and other contents; (3) Digital works such as network document database formed by selecting, arranging and collecting the above works; (4) Other types of digital works recognized by the State Press and publication administration.
 
        The characteristics of digital collections fully conform to the core form of digital publications, and also reflect the core elements of digital copyright. Digital collections use blockchain technology to anchor works to generate digital certificates of the only ownership or use right on the chain, which can not be tampered with, separated, and limited edition. The purpose is to realize the true and credible digital distribution, collection, use, and circulation of works. 1. Blockchain works copyright. It mainly refers to the transfer and transaction of all or part of the property rights of the works that have been confirmed and certified through the chain, in the form of whole and single copy copyright sales. The copyright of blockchain works, such as copyright digital assets and securitization transactions, shall be carried out in an exchange approved by the provincial government or above in accordance with the law.
 
        2. Blockchain digital publishing products. It mainly refers to the works that will be confirmed and certified on the chain, which will be sold in the form of limited and multiple blockchain digital publishing products after being published online. On April 12, the relevant departments and offices of the State Administration of cultural relics organized a symposium on the situation of digital collections. In view of the current situation of the development of digital collections, in-depth discussions were held on the public welfare attributes, data security, consumer rights and interests of cultural and Museum institutions. Important requirements: cultural and Museum units should not directly sell the original data of cultural relics as limited commodities; Cultural and Museum units should actively promote the opening and sharing of cultural relics information resources; In the development and utilization of cultural relics information resources, cultural and Museum units should adhere to the attribute of public welfare; Firmly grasp the correct ideological guidance and ensure the information security of cultural relics.
 
        On April 13, the China Internet Finance Association, the China Banking Association and the China Securities Association jointly issued the initiative on preventing financial risks related to NFT, which pointed out that NFT has shown certain value in enriching the digital economy model, but there are also risks and hidden dangers such as speculation, money laundering and illegal financial activities. The initiative calls on member units to jointly curb the tendency of NFT's financialization and securitization and strictly prevent the risk of illegal financial activities. On May 20, Fujian Province issued the reminder letter of the working group of Fujian Province to clean up and rectify all kinds of trading places on preventing the risk of NFT violations, which requires all trading places in Fujian Province not to participate in, endorse or approve NFT related issuance and trading activities.
 
        At present, state-owned units and listed companies in various industries are entering the field of digital collections, and big Internet companies such as bat also have layout, including the provision of digital collection blockchain services, distribution platforms, etc. Xinhua news agency, people's daily, China Central Radio and television station, Guangming Daily, China search, China Academy of communications and communications, Liberation Daily, National Information Center, China cultural relics exchange center, China Mobile, China UnionPay, China culture and media group, China Film and television Internet Industrialization Research Institute, the state Administration of sports, the National Library, the National Grand Theater, etc. have entered the Bureau's digital collection platforms and issued digital collections; People's Literature Publishing House, China Book Import and Export Group, China Youth Publishing House, Changjiang literature and Art Publishing House, Tongqu publishing house, Sichuan digital publishing media, Tiandi publishing house, Zhejiang People's publishing house, Hunan people's publishing house, Fujian people's publishing house, Chongqing Publishing Group, Sichuan people's Publishing house and other publishing units have launched digital collections; Wanshili, tianxiaxiu, fenghuang.com, Shunwang technology and Chinese online launched data collection platforms; China Youth Daily, Shandong radio station, Phoenix Satellite TV group, Hunan Radio and television, financial magazine, Shenzhen Special Zone News and other media, Dunhuang Research Institute, Xi'an Beilin Museum, Maijishan grottoes, Henan Museum and other cultural and Museum units, Shenzhen University, Shandong University of Finance and economics, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and other universities, Hainan cultural exchange, Hangzhou International Digital trading center, Gansu Cultural Property Trading Center and other exchanges, McDonald's Naixue's tea, Greenland Group and other traditional industries have also released digital collections.
 
        Up to now, there are more than 700 domestic data collection platforms. Among them, seven data collection platforms have the background of central media, which are respectively Lingjing · People's Art Museum, shizang, Xinhua shuzang, Baobao · Youth universe, people's science and technology digital collection platform, Guangming art, Yuanshi; More than 20 digital collection platforms have state-owned backgrounds, such as virtual digital collection, seal digital collection, hi yuan universe, unique art, Chinese digital collection, etc; More than 25 data collection platforms have the background of listed companies, such as Alibaba auction, whale detection, spiritual culture, squid, magic core, TME digital collection, baidu super chain digital collection, Xiaodu Xunyu, Lingxi, Netease planet digital collection, etc.
 
        Domestic digital collections are mainly based on alliance chain, and a few platforms are based on public chain. The alliance chains that provide blockchain services for digital collections are: spark · Chain network (Lingjing collection, Zhiyin digital collection, etc.), people's chain (Lingjing · people's Art Museum, etc.), digital chain (tmall, Alibaba auction, etc.), BSN chain (Qianxun digital collection, Qiankun digital collection, topholder, Guangming art, etc.), Chang'an chain (meta vision, kunxun digital collection, etc.), Zhixin chain (virtual private digital collection, Alibaba auction, Alibaba cloud, etc.), Tencent Zhixin chain (Magic core, TME digital collection, the fifth environment, etc.) New version chain (Alibaba auction, xumin digital collection, Yuanshi, etc.), ant chain (whale exploration, Hyperdimensional space, seven level universe, etc.), baidu super chain (Baidu super chain digital collection, Xiaodu Xuyu, Zhiyuan art, etc.), JD Zhizhen chain (Lingxi, Hongguo digital collection, etc.), Netease blockchain (Netease planet, etc.), Xunlei chain (non identical digital art, etc.), fun chain (red hole digital collection, zero realm digital collection, etc.) Guangjian chain (Guangjian collectors, squid objects, etc.), etc.
 
        Zhixin chain has launched many well-known products of digital collections, such as blockchain digital copyright products: Sanxingdui series, Gushu Jinsha series; Blockchain digital publishing products: Gu ailing, Ding Zhen, Gesar; Blockchain digital publishing integration product: "Digital Library", vinyl records of Beethoven and Mozart. The Zhixin chain has built a complete "digital collection issuance and trading platform matrix". The matrix consists of four product systems and four audit systems. The four product systems include those based on blockchain: digital copyright industry chain, digital publishing open platform, digital collection distribution platform, and sky metauniverse; The four audit systems include: copyright audit system, online publishing service system, value evaluation audit system, and distribution transaction audit system.
 
        Zhixin chain and Hangzhou International Digital trading center have built a backup chain for cross chain product circulation, which opens a closed-loop channel for standardized circulation of digital collections generated by domestic legal alliance chain: copyright review → Backup generation → Cross chain freezing → Online publishing → Product release → Asset transaction → Scene usage. "Digital China blockchain service infrastructure" (hereinafter referred to as "Digital China chain") is the first blockchain solution specifically used for "digital new circulation of all types of production factors" in China. The digital China chain is organized by the digital China Construction Summit &mdash& mdash; Fuzhou Municipal People's government supports the construction and carries out the top-level design according to the theory of Digital China construction. China netsecurity, a high-tech central enterprise, provides national security and confidentiality technical support. Xinhua Wenxuan digital publishing media provides a complete plan for online publishing management and digital copyright circulation. Alibaba assets and its ecosystem, the world's largest online asset circulation platform, are the key nodes to support the production factors and digital assets of many important industries across provinces and regions across the country, Realize the compliance and efficiency circulation with full cycle credibility and full link intelligence.
 
        In order to promote the domestic economic cycle, digital chain provides blockchain infrastructure with long-term significance, and provides relevant advanced service products for a perfect factor market-oriented allocation mechanism. China digital culture chain is an alliance chain specially built for digital collections by China Digital Culture Group, China Unicom, China cultural relics exchange center, Dayou Guolian Holdings Co., Ltd., Beijing Cultural Investment Group and other "national teams". It has the technical characteristics of distributed bookkeeping, smart contracts, non usurpation and traceability. China's digital culture chain has the function of confirming the rights of digital collections and generating unique digital identities for digital collections. Using the digital collections cast by the Chinese digital culture chain, users can solve the problems in real time on the chain
 
        
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