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Using blockchain technology to strengthen the multi subject governance of grass-roots communities

Time : 01/07/2021 Author : 627ksq Click : + -
        After more than 20 years of development, urban community governance has achieved good results, but there are still many problems in the governance mechanism of co construction, sharing and co governance, such as diverse demands of residents, vague positioning of community autonomous organizations, single content of community services and no feedback information. In addition to the unremitting efforts of residents' committee cadres, community governance also needs the support of an information platform that matches the characteristics of the diversified main body of the community. In the 18th collective learning of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, General Secretary Xi pointed out that it is necessary to explore the application of "blockchain +" in the field of people's livelihood, actively promote the application of blockchain technology in education, employment, pension, precision poverty eradication, medical and health care, commodity counterfeiting prevention, food safety, public welfare, social assistance and other fields, and provide people with more intelligent, convenient and high-quality public services.
        Through the research, it is found that the use of blockchain technology helps to strengthen the multi-agent governance of grass-roots communities. First, take blockchain as a platform to connect with the grass-roots community governance with distinctive characteristics of subject diversification and improve the specialization level of community governance. Great changes have taken place in the community structure in the process of urbanization. There are many subjects inside and outside the community, with great differences in demands, even conflicting. First of all, the community has become a collective residence for strangers, and everyone is more concerned about their immediate interests. Secondly, "a thousand lines above, a needle below", there are many docking departments of community organizations, and the work is heavy. Thirdly, the influence of community activities is not strong, and the participation of residents is fixed and accounts for a small proportion; At the same time, it is difficult to form incentives for social organizations providing services, and there are hidden dangers of regulatory blind spots.
        The polycentric nature of blockchain technology exactly matches the diversity of community subjects and can be used as an information platform carrying community governance activities. The second is to establish a clear, open, transparent and supervised community governance environment with blockchain as the guarantee to promote the transformation of residents to collective rationality. Community affairs are closest to residents and are directly related to residents' interests. The COVID-19 has exposed some problems in the quality of residents and community governance, indicating that there is an urgent need to form an organization of "self-management, self-education and self-service" in community governance. Although the governance concept of "helping others and self-help" is widely accepted, differences in subject relations and value orientations cause difficulties in reaching consensus.
        The credibility of information channels provides an environment for consensus. As an information recording system, the anti tampering ability of blockchain can be used to supervise and trace the source, ensure the authenticity of information publishers, and provide a credible basis for decision-making, summary, analysis, and sharing among multiple subjects. Third, take blockchain as the interface, build a bridge to communicate internal and external resources, and improve and expand the governance capacity of basic communities in smart cities. Community is the basic unit of the city, and the city provides material and talent support for community governance. Using information means, smart city construction will integrate urban resources and functions. The construction of smart community should plan as a whole and integrate resources inside and outside the community, and promote fragmented community services to holistic community governance.
        On the one hand, blockchain, as a platform carrying multiple subjects, needs to be included in the top-level design of smart city; On the other hand, from the perspective of the strong local characteristics of community governance, we should pay attention to the concept of "helping others and self-help". In the construction of smart city, blockchain should be regarded as the interface of community rather than a platform for unified control. Suggestions: first, strengthen the research on the top-level design of blockchain in community governance. Led by the national authority responsible for community governance, a comprehensive Committee was established to invite social governance experts, social organizations, community leaders, blockchain enterprises, scientific research institutions and technical experts to jointly discuss the basic requirements and standards. Second, pilot application, and promote replication on the basis of practice.
        Select 3-5 representative communities nationwide, and adopt the mode of production, learning, research and application in combination with the governance needs of party affairs publicity, housing affairs publicity, and supervision of third-party service institutions. Deepen the summary of pilot community cases, and form replicable experience and achievements. The third is to incorporate blockchain into the formulation of smart city standards, take co construction, CO governance and sharing as the basic principle, and focus on sorting out the needs of community infrastructure, the relationship between the community and the CPC Committee and the government, and the relationship between the community and social organizations. (Fuchuan, member of the first branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences during the Revolutionary Committee of the people's Republic of China).
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