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Development status and prospects of blockchain in China in 2020 (the first half of the year)

Time : 08/01/2022 Author : t6owz4 Click : + -
        In order to comprehensively grasp the overall situation of China's blockchain technological innovation and industrial development in 2020, grasp the latest trends of China's blockchain development, and promote the healthy development of the blockchain industry, China blockchain ecological alliance has entrusted China Electronic Information Industry Development Research Institute (CCID Research Institute), CCID (Qingdao) blockchain Research Institute Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as CCID blockchain Research Institute) and other units to organize experts, Compiled and formed the "2020 China blockchain development status and Prospects (first half)". The report is divided into eight parts, which combs in detail the overall status of China's blockchain development in the first half of 2020, elaborates on the six directions of policy, industry, technology, application, standards and enterprises, and finally gives accurate analysis and development suggestions on the new situation and future trend of China's blockchain development.
 
        In 2020, local governments paid close attention to the development trend of blockchain. In the first half of 2020, local governments successively launched nearly 120 policies to encourage the innovation and development of blockchain technology and industry. In general, the differentiated development of blockchain in various regions is still obvious, and the ladder phenomenon is serious. Guangdong, Shanghai, Beijing and other places are in the first ladder, Sichuan, Jiangsu, Chongqing, Hebei, Hainan and other places are in the second ladder, and the northeast and western regions are in the third ladder. Since 2020, many places have issued special support policies for blockchain to explore the development path of blockchain industry. By the end of June 2020, 12 provinces and cities including Hunan, Guizhou, Hainan, Shanghai, Beijing, Nanjing, Changsha, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, Ningbo, Quanzhou and Chongqing had issued special policies on blockchain.
 
        In 2020, the blockchain industry will usher in the best opportunity for industrial development by virtue of its value potential and favorable policies. The upper, middle and lower levels of the blockchain industrial chain will be more perfect than those in 2019. Up to now, there are 107 blockchain research institutions in China, including 9 new ones in 2020. Blockchain research institutions in China are mainly universities and enterprises, of which 33 universities have participated. At present, China's blockchain industry chain is mainly dominated by financial applications, solutions and baas platforms, accounting for 18%, 10% and 9% respectively. The outbreak of COVID-19 in the first half of 2020 has had a certain impact on the blockchain industry, but China's blockchain industry is still developing well, with a scale of 1.715 billion yuan, an increase of 246.46% year-on-year compared with 495 million yuan in the first half of 2019.
 
        The regional distribution of blockchain enterprises in China is relatively concentrated, and they are distributed in four major gathering areas: the Bohai Rim gathering area dominated by Beijing and Shandong, the Yangtze River Delta gathering area dominated by Shanghai and Zhejiang, the Pearl River Delta gathering area dominated by Guangdong, and the Hunan Guizhou Chongqing gathering area dominated by Chongqing and Sichuan. Guangzhou has gradually overtaken Beijing and Shanghai in the number of blockchain enterprises, ranking first. In the field of blockchain finance, Hangzhou accounts for 31% of the country, followed by Guangzhou and Beijing, with 15% and 13% respectively. In the field of blockchain software and hardware development and services, Suzhou enterprises account for more than 30%, ranking first, followed by Guangzhou and Chongqing.
 
        According to the statistics of CCID blockchain Research Institute, as of June 2020, 44 blockchain industrial parks have been established in 15 provinces and 28 cities across the country, including 3 new ones in 2020. Among them, Hangzhou has the largest number of regions by the first half of 2020, with a total of 6, accounting for 14% of the national blockchain industrial parks; The second is Guangzhou, with a total of 5, accounting for 11%; Shanghai has four blockchain industrial parks, ranking third, accounting for 9%. From the perspective of the distribution of blockchain industrial parks, industrial parks are concentrated in the Yellow Sea, Bohai Sea, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Hunan, Guizhou and Chongqing. In the first half of 2020, the core technology innovation of blockchain was further improved, and the technological innovation showed diversified development, mainly involving blockchain cross chain, blockchain privacy protection, blockchain data security and other technical aspects.
 
        According to the statistics of the State Intellectual Property Office, the number of blockchain patents published in China in the first half of 2020 was 5402. At this growth rate, it is expected that the number of blockchain patents published in China is expected to exceed 10000 by the end of 2020. In the first half of 2020, enterprises are also constantly promoting the integration of blockchain with cloud computing, Internet of things, artificial intelligence, 5g and other technologies, so that blockchain technology can obtain a broader application space in the future, solve the pain points in traditional industries together with other new technologies, and further improve production efficiency. Since 2020, blockchain has been implemented in many fields, such as finance, government services, justice, health care, product traceability, public welfare and charity, community services, smart cities and so on.
 
        In the first half of 2020, there were 46 blockchain financial application landing projects, accounting for the highest proportion of the application landing projects in the same period. The implementation was accelerated in the fields of credit financing, electronic signature, supply chain finance, cross-border payment, asset securitization and so on. Among them, a total of 20 credit financing projects have been implemented, accounting for 44% of the financial sector. In the first half of 2020, there were 42 blockchain government service application projects across the country, including administrative approval, electronic licenses, data sharing, targeted poverty alleviation, customs trade, urban governance, electronic bills and many other application scenarios, of which administrative approval and electronic licenses were the most widely used, with 11 and 8 projects respectively.
 
        In the first half of 2020, China was engaged in providing blockchain industry underlying technology platform services, application products, industry technology solution services and other businesses. There were 303 blockchain enterprises with input and output, up 274.07% year-on-year from 81 in 2019. China is engaged in providing blockchain industry underlying technology platform services, application products, industry technology solution services and other businesses, and there are 1309 blockchain enterprises with input and output. In terms of the number of enterprises distributed in each province, the ladder of enterprise distribution is obvious. Among them, the number of Beijing and Guangdong is equal, and more than 300 enterprises rank in the first tier; The number of enterprises in Shanghai, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan and Chongqing exceeds 40, belonging to the second tier; The number of other central regions, western regions and northeast regions is obviously small, belonging to the third tier.
 
        By the end of June 2020, only 8 newly registered blockchain enterprises had obtained investment and financing, and the financing difficulties of start-ups remained acute. In 2020, it Internet giants represented by batj will continue to make efforts in blockchain technology research and continue to strengthen the underlying technology and core architecture of blockchain.
 
        
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