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The scale of computing power in China ranks second in the world, and the average growth rate of computing power industry in recent five years has exceeded 30%

Time : 19/01/2022 Author : aperl5 Click : + -
        From the perspective of computing infrastructure, China has built the world's largest optical fiber and mobile communication network. At the same time, China is also promoting the construction of integrated big data center system and industrial Internet big data center system. Zhang Yunming, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, revealed that with the increasingly solid foundation of development, the scale of China's computing industry has grown rapidly, with an average growth rate of more than 30% in the past five years, ranking second in the world. Zhang Yunming said that the construction of a number of "East data and West computing" trunk optical cables has been started. The total scale of the data center racks in use exceeds 5.9 million standard racks, the scale of servers is about 20million, and the total scale of computing power exceeds 150eflops.
        According to the calculation of China Academy of information and communications, in 2021, the scale of China's core computing industry exceeded 1.5 trillion yuan, of which the scale of cloud computing industry exceeded 300billion yuan, the scale of IDC, that is, the data center service market exceeded 150billion yuan, and the scale of artificial intelligence core industry exceeded 400billion yuan. The pillar role of the computing industry has become increasingly prominent. However, Wu Hequan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said that the utilization rate of computing power in China is only 30%. One of the main reasons for the low utilization is that although the computing power is available, the storage does not keep up, so the computing power cannot be brought into full play. He suggested optimizing data storage. Wu Hequan said, "not all data are useful. We need to remove some invalid values, including some spaces.
        There are also many missing values in the data. If there are enough data samples, these missing values are not needed. In addition, some outdated data is not needed, saving storage. In addition, the data can be optimized through the algorithm of data compression. ". "Counting from the east to the west" can greatly improve China's data storage capacity. In February this year, the national development and Reform Commission and other four departments jointly issued a notice to start the construction of National Computing hub nodes in Beijing Tianjin Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Great Bay area, Chengdu Chongqing, Inner Mongolia, Guizhou, Gansu and Ningxia, and planned 10 national data center clusters. The "East data West computing" project was officially launched. Wu Hequan said that the data is divided into hot data and cold data.
        What needs real-time calculation is thermal data, and what does not need real-time calculation is cold data. He pointed out that the western region mainly deals with cold data, and "counting from the east to the west" is actually "counting from the east to the west". According to Wu Hequan, general statistics show that cold, temperature and heat data account for 80%, 15% and 5% of the cumulative data respectively, which means that the cold data is the most. Cold data is mainly stored, so calculation is not normal for cold data. In this way, the East and west parts are suitable for hot data and cold data respectively. According to this calculation, "counting from the east to the west" is actually "counting from the east to the west". It mainly exists in the West. Of course, there are some calculations occasionally. Another reason for the low utilization rate of computing power in China is the relatively high threshold for the use of computing power.
        Wu Hequan said that computing power should carry out big data training according to the model. The threshold is high, and only a few enterprises can do it. He suggested lowering the threshold to make the use of computing power simpler and more convenient. This is also one of the priorities of the Ministry of industry and information technology in the next step. Zhang Yunming said that the next step will be to further promote the use of cloud, data and intelligence in the whole society, prosper online consumption formats, and reduce the threshold of computing power. Zhang Yunming said, "we should lower the threshold for the use of computing power, guide the market players of computing power supply to allocate high-quality computing resources in accordance with the principle of appropriate advance. We should promote the integration and innovation of multiple computing services and technologies such as artificial intelligence, the Internet of things and blockchain, and support the transformation and upgrading of key industries such as industry.
        Promote the application of integrated computing power to wider, deeper and tighter fields, and enable the digital transformation of thousands of industries. ".
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