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ChinaVenture carbon investment tangrenhu: enterprises should calculate five accounts for carbon reduction and carbon neutralization

Time : 23/11/2021 Author : moi4s2 Click : + -
        Global warming, melting glaciers, rising sea levels, along with industrial civilization, the rising concentration of carbon dioxide is also increasingly "feeding" the earth and mankind itself. Since the 1970s, China has been thinking about how to deal with climate change. By September 22, 2020, China proposed the "3060" double carbon goal, which fully reflects China's determination and confidence to unswervingly follow the path of low-carbon development. Today, this strategy needs cities, regions and enterprises from macro to micro. 2. To correctly understand "double carbon", we must pay attention to dealing with the four pairs of relations between development and emission reduction, overall and local, long-term and short-term goals, and government and market.
 
        The goal of carbon peak and carbon neutralization has become a national strategy, which is an important national policy requiring long-term and sustained investment, and guides the development mode and path of China in the next 40 years. Carbon reduction is not only an issue of energy and environment, but also an issue of economy and development. To correctly understand "double carbon", we need to pay attention to dealing with the four pairs of relations between development and emission reduction, overall and local, long-term and short-term goals, and government and market. Development and emission reduction: we do everything for better development. Emission reduction is not about reducing productivity, nor is it about not discharging. It is necessary to ensure energy security, industrial chain supply chain security and food security while reducing carbon, which will directly affect our survival.
 
        Overall and local: the carbon reduction effect is the same in different regions, but the cost is different and the cost is different. Resources are allocated nationwide. We should enhance the awareness of the whole country to play a game of chess, and do not engage in "walking in unison" or "one size fits all". For the construction industry and real estate industry, it is necessary to figure out where carbon reduction is the most effective. For example, Shenzhen and Heilongjiang both reduce 3million tons of carbon. Although there is no difference between the global and national carbon reduction effects, the cost of the two regions is different, so carbon can be increased or reduced, but the premise is to deal with the overall and local relationship. Long term and short-term goals: we should not only base ourselves on the present, solve specific problems step by step, and turn small victories into big victories, but also take a long-term view and grasp the pace and intensity of carbon reduction.
 
        Government and market: we should adhere to two hands, promote the better combination of promising government and effective market, and establish and improve the incentive and restraint mechanism of "double carbon" work. Some enterprises worry that the national policy has changed, so they only make short-term low-carbon planning, so they should consider the relationship between government policy and the market clearly. Now all parties have formed an all-round big link, and the dual carbon goal has become a national strategy, so the dual carbon plus region and the dual carbon plus industry will become the competitiveness in the future. The carbon emission control of the construction industry will extend to the whole life cycle, of which the operation stage with more than 2 billion tons of emissions is the focus. In 2018, the total carbon emission of the whole process of construction in China was 4.93 billion tons, accounting for 51.3% of the national carbon emission.
 
        Among them, the carbon emission in the construction operation stage is 2.11 billion tons, accounting for 43% of the total construction emission and 21.9% of the national carbon emission. Driven by both national and local policies and enterprise needs, low-carbon infrastructure will become the "standard" for investment attraction in the park. The park will provide enterprises with green infrastructure such as green power, green gas, circulating water, low-carbon buildings, carbon emission data monitoring, etc., which will become the "standard configuration" of investment attraction in the park like the "five supplies and one leveling". The goal of "double carbon" is to achieve "emissions have costs and benefits", and to achieve low-carbon infrastructure through financial instruments is to "reduce emissions" and "save money". In the future, we should do long-term things in construction. Only when we achieve the dual carbon goal in the early construction and later operation can we connect with finance.
 
        If the annual double carbon targets are superimposed, they should be linked with carbon insurance, carbon finance and green ABS, and then linked with operations, so as to urge enterprises to continuously reduce carbon emissions. Carbon trading is also one of the important market tools to support the implementation of the "double carbon" goal. Shenzhen, Shanghai, Beijing and other carbon trading pilot areas with high urbanization rate and high tertiary industry share take the lead in bringing the construction operation Department into the carbon trading market. The emission main body of the construction industry has the characteristics of "small, scattered and many", so it is necessary to build a multi-level composite carbon market in line with the characteristics of the construction industry. From a strategic perspective, to achieve carbon peak and carbon neutralization, we should achieve "four degrees and three bureau". First, height. Double carbon is a national long-term important strategy spanning 40 years, which has risen to the height of a community with a shared future for mankind; Second, breadth. Double carbon is a broad and profound economic and social systematic change, and enterprises in any industry can be combined with double carbon; Third, the depth, through projects and technologies that can be implemented, to make the "double carbon" deep and solid; Fourth, density, which can promote replicable technologies, solutions, and management models, thereby reducing costs.
 
        In addition, we should also calculate five accounts and implement the "double carbon" with the implementation methodology. The economic account is the core, the livelihood account and the ecological account are value-added, the energy account is the key, and the safety account is the foundation. Only by sorting out the relationship between these accounts can we achieve sustainable development. From the perspective of methodology, enterprises should use digital tools to build a solid "double carbon" data base in the construction industry, such as the carbon emission online monitoring platform based on IOT and other technologies and the smart contract transaction and settlement platform based on blockchain. Secondly, we should use innovative financial instruments to strengthen the "double carbon" capital guarantee of the construction industry. Application innovation based on the existing framework of carbon finance system, such as carbon credit, carbon repurchase, carbon bonds, carbon finance innovation and expansion based on the whole life cycle of buildings, such as carbon banking, carbon insurance, and other financial innovations such as green REITs, green ABS.
 
        Third, build a "one-stop" comprehensive solution to enhance the green competitiveness of building parks and provide services for enterprises to achieve "double carbon". For example, digital services, carbon consulting services and Carbon Asset Services help enterprises realize the value of carbon emission reduction assets and create economic benefits. Carbon peaking and carbon neutralization have become global trends, which require the joint efforts of the government, the market and individuals. Double carbon is not only an environmental problem, but also a development problem. We should take the overall situation into consideration, plan as a whole, realize high green at low cost, empower low-carbon with digitalization, and promote the sustainable development of enterprises. (this article is compiled from the speech delivered by Tang Renhu, general manager of Beijing Zhongchuang carbon investment Technology Co., Ltd., at the 2022 China Building Park asset management and low-carbon Digital Innovation Summit).
 
        
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