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Interpretation of the document "guiding opinions on accelerating the application of blockchain technology and industrial development"

Time : 28/06/2022 Author : 3wcnuv Click : + -
        Recently, the Ministry of industry and information technology and the office of the central network security and Information Technology Commission jointly issued the guiding opinions on accelerating the application of blockchain technology and industrial development (MIIT Lianxin Fa [2021] No. 62) (hereinafter referred to as the "guiding opinions"). The relevant contents of the guiding opinions are interpreted as follows. Blockchain is an important part of the new generation of information technology. It is a new type of database software integrated with distributed network, encryption technology, smart contract and other technologies. In recent years, blockchain technology and industry have developed rapidly all over the world, and its applications have been extended to digital finance, Internet of things, intelligent manufacturing, supply chain management, digital asset trading and other fields, showing broad application prospects.
        The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to blockchain technology and industrial development. On October 24, 2019, at the 18th collective study of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed that "blockchain should be regarded as an important breakthrough for independent innovation of core technologies, clarify the main direction of attack, increase investment, strive to overcome a number of key core technologies, and accelerate the development of blockchain technology and industrial innovation". The 14th five year plan for national economic and social development of the people's Republic of China and the outline of long-term goals for 2035 regard blockchain as one of the emerging digital industries, and put forward requirements such as "focusing on the development of blockchain service platforms and application schemes in the fields of financial technology, supply chain finance, government services, etc. with alliance chain as the focus".
        At present, China's blockchain technology applications and industries have a good foundation for development. A number of representative blockchain applications have emerged in the fields of anti-counterfeiting traceability, supply chain management, judicial certificate storage, government data sharing, people's livelihood services and so on. The supporting role of blockchain in China's economic and social development has initially emerged. However, at the same time, China's blockchain is also facing problems such as urgent breakthroughs in core technologies, immature integration applications, imperfect industrial ecology, and obvious shortages of talent reserves. During the "14th five year plan" period, with the deepening of the global digitalization process, the competition in the blockchain industry will become more intense. The issuance of the "guiding opinions" will help further consolidate the foundation of China's blockchain development, accelerate the scale of technology application, build a world-class blockchain industrial ecosystem, and achieve leapfrog development.
        The general idea of the guiding opinions is to take the study of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era as the guide, based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, and promote the construction of an advanced blockchain industrial system. The overall positioning is mainly based on three aspects:. First, pay attention to the coordination with the overall national development strategy. Strengthen the coordination with major development strategies of manufacturing power, network power, digital China and other countries, take the cultivation of internationally competitive products and enterprises as the goal, take the deepening of the integration and application of the real economy and public services as the path, actively plan, seize the opportunity, realize the upgrading of the industrial foundation and the modernization of the industrial chain, and promote the overall leap forward and leapfrog development of industrial competitiveness.
        Second, accurately grasp the opportunities and challenges of blockchain development. At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform are further deepened, and major countries around the world are accelerating the layout of blockchain technology. China has a strong domestic demand market and rich application scenarios, and has a good foundation in the field of blockchain. In particular, the alliance chain is developing rapidly, but it still faces challenges such as in-depth industrial application, consolidation of industrial foundation, and strengthening of ecological cultivation. We need to concentrate on solving the key problems restricting industrial development and strive to promote China to obtain new industrial advantages in the field of blockchain. Third, we should highlight the promotion of high-quality economic and social development. Seize the opportunity of blockchain technology integration, function expansion, and industrial segmentation, select integrated application scenarios such as supply chain management, product traceability, and data sharing, as well as public service areas such as government services, certificate storage and forensics, and smart cities, encourage the application of blockchain technology, create a number of typical model cases, form demonstration and driving effects, and achieve large-scale development.
        At present, there are still deficiencies in the application cases of blockchain for large-scale commercial promotion. On the one hand, blockchain technology is not yet mature and is still in rapid development and evolution; On the other hand, the characteristics of blockchain determine that it is suitable for specific scenarios and needs to be further integrated with application scenarios. Therefore, it is urgent to combine the technical characteristics of blockchain, select suitable application fields, drive the accelerated maturity of blockchain technology, promote the iterative upgrading of technical products, and form a source to promote industrial development. The guidance deploys two key tasks: first, give play to the role of blockchain in optimizing business processes, reducing operating costs, and building a credible system, focus on the real economy fields such as supply chain management, product traceability, and data sharing, promote the integrated application of blockchain, and support the digital transformation and high-quality development of the industry; Second, promote the application of blockchain technology in public service fields such as government services, certificate storage and forensics, smart cities, accelerate application innovation, and support the transparency, equality, and accuracy of public services.
        The guiding opinions focuses on improving the basic industrial capacity in terms of standard system, technology platform, quality brand, network security, intellectual property rights, etc. Including promoting the construction of blockchain standardization organization and establishing blockchain standard system; Strengthen technical research in key areas, build blockchain underlying platforms, and build blockchain infrastructure; Encourage enterprises to strengthen quality management and build a blockchain product and service quality assurance system; Strengthen the construction of blockchain infrastructure and service security protection capacity; Cultivate a number of high-value patents, trademarks and software copyrights. The guiding opinions proposed to cultivate a number of blockchain famous products, famous enterprises and famous parks, build an open-source ecosystem, adhere to the equal emphasis on short board and long board, and speed up the building of a complete blockchain industrial chain.
        Specific measures include: building an industry-level alliance chain and creating a number of blockchain "famous products" with advanced technology and strong driving effect; Cultivate a number of internationally competitive blockchain "famous enterprises", cultivate and incubate blockchain start-ups, and encourage the creation of Unicorn enterprises; Combine the concept of "regulatory sandbox" to create a blockchain development pilot area, and support parks with good basic conditions to build "famous parks" of blockchain industry. To play its role in the real economy and other fields, blockchain needs to integrate with other new generation information technologies to achieve complementary advantages and functions. At present, the integration and development of blockchain with industrial Internet, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other technologies is still in its early stage, and the integration application effect needs to be further activated.
        The guiding opinions proposes to apply blockchain technology to the identification analysis, edge computing, collaborative manufacturing and other links of industrial Internet to cultivate new models and new business forms; Build a blockchain based big data service platform to promote the orderly confirmation, sharing and circulation of data compliance; Using cloud computing to build blockchain application development, test verification and operation and maintenance environment; Develop new technologies such as intelligent contracts based on artificial intelligence, and explore the use of artificial intelligence technology to improve the operation efficiency and value creation ability of blockchain. The guiding opinions put forward six safeguard measures to actively promote the pilot application, increase policy support, guide local governments to speed up exploration, build a public service system, strengthen the training of industrial talents, and deepen international exchanges and cooperation, so as to provide working means and starting points for local competent departments.
        (1) Organize publicity and implementation training. For local industrial and information departments, blockchain technology and service providers, user enterprises, etc., interpret and publicize the contents of the guiding opinions in detail, and hold relevant training courses and symposiums. (2) Establish working mechanism. Establish a collaborative work mechanism, make good docking with local industrial and information departments, strengthen collaboration and cooperation, and ensure that key tasks are implemented in place. (3) Task decomposition and implementation. Formulate and form a list of key tasks and a time roadmap that can be implemented, and clarify the promotion responsibilities. Strengthen communication and exchange with local competent departments, timely summarize and form experience, and form a demonstration driven situation.
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