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Distributed ledger technology, value accounting and self sovereignty identity

Time : 06/08/2021 Author : 7gypet Click : + -
        Technologists are designing blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies to challenge the extractive value accounting and identity management of global capitalism. The new possibilities provided by maoqiu technology through distributed ledger technology make it possible to generate alternative future value accounting and self sovereign identity practice. "If power is increasingly used through online and mobile infrastructure — — whether in sports or in the country — — then some of the most important (and radical) movements will emerge around the use of these powerful technologies in society.". The problem with capitalist logic is that everything, including healthy social relations, a stable climate, having the meaning of life, and so on, is regarded as part of the value equation only when it affects profits.
 
        Technology activists are rejecting the logic of capitalism and insisting on creating a world in which human beings and life systems flourish, so they are developing new ways to confirm value. Valuation is a social process, while accounting is a social practice. Technology systems shape accounting in various environments, including market construction, capital raising, algorithm pricing, digital platform services, and corporate organization. In this paper, maoqiu technology discusses new digital valuation techniques that can change values and valuations within the institutions that conduct valuations. The same technology will allow us to reclaim our digital identity and real reputation, which is necessary for the trust needed by online organizations.
 
        Technology activists have gained momentum in their mission to design and use digital technology for a world beyond capitalism. In this future, the value of people, nature and things is not determined by the market, but by their ability to promote human prosperity and explain the limitations of the earth. These efforts are part of three contemporary historical determinants recognized by technology activists: first, the need to escape state repression; Second, we need to maximize the use of limited resources; Third, we need to create effective institutional solutions, although this has not been done in the past. The construction of each accounting technology is restricted by ideology. The dominant ideology of our time is capitalism.
 
        The daily material technology of accounting (written reports, technology, account books, pictures, charts) makes the practice of capitalist governance and the corresponding social control mode possible. Accounting technology has material initiative in large-scale social technology networks, because they can realize remote control, and they make "invisible" objects visible. The inscriptions of accounts enable modern countries and institutions to govern from a long distance and enable things, ideas and people to appear in computing centers. "Accounting cannot be independent of its social conditions. Under the capitalist system, the driving force of accounting lies in political economy — — class contradictions. Accounting is partly carried out by adjusting the economic needs of the ruling class.
 
        ”。 Under capitalism, accounting technology is a "logic of occupying material production", "a way to rationalize or explain the occupation of production by members of another social class" as "an intellectual and practical tool of social domination". This understanding of accounting calls for scholars who are conducive to building a world free of economic exploitation to understand how social movements and related technicians create new technologies for valuation and personal identity, which reflects the emancipated imagination of a future beyond capitalism. Dillard believes that "before accounting technology changes, fundamental changes in the basic economic structure must occur", but what if technology activists in the social movement can reverse this historical process and completely redesign accounting technology strategically? Inject favorable availability into the new accounting technology and make it have revolutionary material power, so as to fundamentally change the economic structure?.
 
        The strategic design of technology has long been part of the radicalism repertoire. It is common to use value accounting to prove the exploitation and inequality of capitalist opponents. It can be found in trade unionists and socialists, anti sweatshops and fair traders, anti enterprise globalization activists, etc. The new thing at this historical moment is the liberation of modern digital value accounting and digital identity system supported by distributed ledger technology or DLT (i.e. blockchain and whole chain). Next, hairball technology will be discussed from three parts: the first part describes the social technology imagination of a global social movement for the public; The second part reviews our understanding of capitalist value accounting, introduces the theoretical framework of understanding socio-economic objects in capitalist value accounting, compares it with public land value accounting, and includes the discussion of the increasingly complex trend of capitalism; The third part discusses the affordability of blockchain technology, how we begin to use DLT's material agents to change the organization of value, and discusses the role of self sovereignty identity in this process.
 
        Globally, hundreds of millions of people are rising, and they require more than just profits. Determining what is valuable shows how society can unite, and what is valuable shows our collective social ability and interdependence. People create technology to realize their vision of the future. Once created, technology does expand the possibilities of the future. Blockchain technology and the post blockchain DLT after the first bitcoin blockchain are excellent examples of how social technology imagination can be put into practice through the design of new technologies. The question here is, "how does distributed ledger technology, a set of new technologies including blockchain and post blockchain systems, shape the vision of the future, and how do these visions affect the construction of new technologies?" Maoqiu technology believes that several methods in futures discourse can be used to study the social and institutional practice of value accounting.
 
        For example, causal hierarchical analysis (CLA) can be used to map and analyze many competitive discourses related to worldview and metaphor, or future empirical research can seek to quantify multiple trust dimensions within each technical accounting system and how it affects user results. However, in this theoretical article, the advantage of maoqiu technology using the concept of social technology imagination is that it provides a framework to understand how the vision of technologists for the ideal future affects their current design choices. In 2009, yasanov and Kim called the utopian vision of technical experts for the future social technology imagination in their article "containing the atom: social technology imagination and nuclear energy in the United States and South Korea".
 
        This phrase combines the concept of "social technology" with the concept of imagination. In the field of scientific and technological research (STS), the term social technology is used to mean that technology is neither completely determined by society nor derived from basic internal logic. "Technology and technological practice are understood as lasting (but not unchanging) social combinations and technological artifacts". It is understood that technical experts are warmly discussing how to use distributed ledger technology to achieve a collective vision for a better future. The research results rely on the interpretation based on the basic theory, that is, a large number of formal and informal interviews with technical experts. Technical experts have reached a consensus on several standard components of the Global Technology Federation, namely, the movement's emancipatory socio-technical imagination.
 
        This common vision includes a post capitalist society in which communities of common interest cooperate to build institutions of regenerative economic relations. This movement of technologists has a strong belief in contingency, because they believe that if the correct intention is outward, and if participants pay attention to opportunities that can be pulled inward, the necessary parts will fuse. These technical design principles include:. Political economists and others have regained interest in the role of imagination in shaping our vision for the future. He has carried out research on the future imagination in the fields of climate engineering, body strengthening, nanotechnology and synthetic biology.
 
        By using our imagination and anticipatory thinking, we can build a bridge from the present to the future. When we make a statement about the desired future, we are intervening in the present, because once the future scenario is clarified, it will affect political debate and policy decisions. It must be recognized that people engaged in imagining the future will bring their ideology, interests and power status in society into this process. Each network architecture hides a power structure, "by clarifying the value we brand in the economic system, we can be more nuanced in the design and use of technology". The dominant future imagination is capitalist, but the Commons movement is committed to using blockchain technology to change the nature of capitalist value accounting.
 
        This part briefly reviews the literature on how to calculate value under current capitalism, including the discussion on the increasingly complex trend of capitalism. As many researchers have observed, accounting is neither neutral nor separate from popular economic ideology. The key to capitalism is to invent new accounting and production technologies and organizational forms to improve productivity, reduce production costs and manage the resulting processes and complexities. As Dillard mentioned in "accounting as a critical social science", the only characteristics that deserve attention are those related to the changes of economic objects. The logic of capitalism stems from the driving force of pursuing profit maximization.
 
        What is produced depends on the products that can be sold in the market, and the production decision is made by a very few people who own and control the means of production &mdash& mdash; Capitalists &mdash& mdash; Controlled. Productive labor is done by hired workers, who must sell their labor to capitalists to survive, because they receive bank credit funds in return. In capital, Marx pointed out that only goods that can be used to produce goods that can be sold in the market for profit can have value. This form of value is called exchange value. Such a market can only exist in the form of money as the material expression of value.
 
        It is the circulation of money as capital, the transformation of nature, and the employment of labor as a commodity with exchange value that promote the capitalist economy. Marx conceived a mechanized process that we now call modernization, through which scientific knowledge and technology become more important factors of production. Competition has stimulated technological and organizational innovation and made value unstable. There is an internal relationship (an internal or dialectical relationship) that has permanently evolved between the value defined in the field of market circulation and the value constantly redefined through the revolution in the field of production. "Productivity and social relations — — two different aspects of social individual development — — in the view of capital, it is only a means for capital to produce on its limited basis.
 
        But in fact, they are the material conditions that make this foundation exaggerated. ". Technological innovation also involves greater system complexity, which also brings its own challenges, in part because defining the concept of complexity is a controversial issue. In 2003, Hodgson defined complexity as the diversity of system interconnection and interaction within structured systems. "According to this definition, increasing economic complexity means that the interaction between humans and their technology is becoming more and more diverse.". In the early stage of technology research, Mumford realized that technology represented the complex level of objectified intentions, which embodied cultural products in the technological system.
 
        As the technical system changes over time, the initial design choices are gradually solidified and regarded as eternal. These systems are interrelated and exert influence on social systems and intuition. Our institutions are facing increasingly complex challenges, and the digitalization of the economy has accelerated this process. The correlation of complex systems makes the results more difficult to predict and leads to negative consequences. Regardless of geographical boundaries, a large amount of information can be obtained, and more and more people can participate in the formal economy, which is managed by an interdependent automatic algorithm system. Human beings try to solve the coordination challenges in the complex network with hierarchy, including monarchy, company, army and representative democracy with bureaucratic level.
 
        However, facts have proved that the current economic and governance model is not enough. The market has been proposed as a solution, but the current market method has proved to be insufficient, because the market often has a limited or irregular communication mode, which does not contain all the information that society attaches importance to, such as nursing work, landscaping, leisure time, etc. Prices communicate very well in complex supply chains, but the price of some things is an overly simplistic value communicator. For example, when the price of copper rises, the price of commodities using copper and the price of services using these commodities will also rise. At the end of the production line, consumers can feel the difference between the supply chain that uses copper and the supply chain that uses cheaper alternatives, because the price at the time of purchase is different, that is, the process of the "invisible hand" working.
 
        However, other forms of information, such as the working conditions of mining Copper, or the environmental records of mining companies, are transmitted with almost no same fidelity throughout the supply chain. This imbalance between the composability of price information and other forms of information leads to a larger impact, which is equivalent to bottom-by-bottom competition. The fact that price is the main form of information dissemination with this level of effectiveness is a challenge for technology activists and points out potential technology solutions. In order to overcome this problem, technology activists asked whether it is possible to improve the adaptability of value accounting, not only for individual organizations, but also for the broader market? Many people have come to the conclusion that there is a need for richer and diverse forms of information that can be not only disseminated, but also combined.
 
        At present, the use of dollars is the only value indicator that can be highly combined across contexts. Maoqiu technology believes that what is needed is other ways in which individuals and communities can communicate value in a cross environmental combination, because whether something is valuable depends on the environment. There is a tension relationship here, that is, recognizing that value judgments are always communicated in a specific relationship context. However, it is useful to make this information composable outside those specific contexts, and ultimately change the dynamics of the initial relationship in the future. For example, restaurants are now under pressure to create photogenic food that can take beautiful photos on instagram.
 
        Organization theory points out that an organized system must adapt to its environment in order to survive. "Ashby's law of variation" assumes that "for any system to be stable, the number of states of its control mechanism must be greater than or equal to the number of states in the controlled system". Maoqiu technology believes that in the increasingly complex global system, we need new ways to coordinate. The technological system will make advanced forms of social cooperation possible and form the principle of a new political, economic and global technological consortium. Their socio-technical imagination of the economy is that the main role of production is to meet the needs of the community; Productive assets are jointly held under democratic control; People work because it provides meaning for their lives; Moreover, money is a mutual credit system specific to community needs.
 
        This part of maoqiu technology discusses the social movement of the Global Technology Federation, using new technology strategically to change value accounting, so as to surpass capitalism and turn to an economic system based on the commons, so that mankind and the earth can be regenerated. When communities communicate to establish standard agreements and rules to ensure their sustainability, local communities can carry out sustainable management of public lands. Distributed ledger technology can be designed to create a self-sufficient commons economy, in which all participants benefit from the value they generate, rather than trying to be consistent with the capitalist economy. These are network physical public resources supported by the blockchain network, designed to make
 
        
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