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Who is the founder of the blockchain industry?

Time : 29/07/2021 Author : lzhrbu Click : + -
        Chain de note: [Da Wen Guan chain] is a blockchain Technology Analysis series column launched by chain de app. Ma Wenpei, the exclusive author of LinkedIn app, explained the front-end technical solutions in blockchain and digital money market at the application level and analyzed the technical level of hot events. Every weekday, I will share with you the daily thoughts of "chain technology house". Industry ancestor worship is a branch of folk culture. In the past, all industries attached great importance to it and regarded it as the protector of the industry. There is a folk saying that "three hundred and sixty lines, without ancestors, do not stand". Grandfathers are famous people who have created and supported this industry directly or indirectly. Some people become grandfathers by accident, some are forcibly installed by later generations, and some industries share a Grandmaster, such as pawnbroking, fortune telling, incense and candle industry, sericulture, silk weaving industry, and pastry industry. Guan Yu is taken as the grandmaster.
        Some industries have several ancestors, such as Guanzhong, Chiyou, Zhang Fei, Yandi, Luban, etc. The patriarch is not only the protector of all industries, but also the spiritual belief center of all industries. Ancestor worship is not only the reverence of industry craftsmen for the ancestors who granted jobs, but also the establishment of industry classification system by establishing industry rules, which strengthened the internal communication of the industry and handed down skills from generation to generation. In modern times, similar folk customs have not disappeared. In southern China, where the e-commerce retail industry is developed, paying homage to Ma Yun and Liu qiangdong at the refueling Conference on the double 11 has also become a kind of "folk custom";. After bitcoin investment became a hot topic, baizhongben Cong also became a "popular culture" in the circle; In a sense, Nakamoto can indeed be called the founder of the blockchain industry, but from a historical point of view, the pioneers of cryptography who laid the foundation for blockchain technology should not be forgotten: they are also the founder of blockchain technology.
        Blockchain technology is based on cryptography and computer science. As the father of computer science, Turing has every reason to be called the founder of blockchain technology. In fact, Turing is also a cryptographer. During World War II, Turing worked in the "government password school". The government password school, located in Bletchley Park, is Britain's top secret intelligence agency. Turing was engaged in password cracking here. For a period of time, he led the hut8 team, which was responsible for German Navy password analysis. During this period, he designed some technologies to speed up the decoding of German passwords, including improving the machine bombe developed by Poland before the war, an electromechanical machine that can find the settings of Enigma cipher machine.
        Turing played a key role in deciphering the intercepted coded information, enabling the allies to defeat the Nazis in many important battles, including the Atlantic campaign, and thus helped win the war. Later scientists estimated that the outstanding work of the Turing group led the Allied forces to defeat Nazi Germany at least two years in advance. Phil · Zimmerman was born in 1954. In 1991, he published the good privacy password Act (PGP), which was freely downloaded by people. The first version of PGP program and the encryption algorithm bassomatic used therein were developed by Zimmerman. Because RSA algorithm is used in Pgp, which infringes the patent right, rsasecurity company submitted a report to the U.S. government.
        The U.S. government has long regarded cryptography as munitions that need to be regulated. After the U.S. government launched an investigation, Zimmerman was accused of violating the arms export restriction act because of the key used in the PGP. After three years of investigation, Zimmerman was ultimately not prosecuted. Phil · Zimmerman's greatest contribution is to turn cryptography from a military technology into a civil technology that everyone can see, learn and use, breaking the government's monopoly on cryptography knowledge: without Zimmerman and the government's argument, there would be no widespread application of modern cryptography, let alone the birth of blockchain technology. Leslie · Lambert was born in 1941.
        In 1982, he published the paper "Byzantine general problem", which described the fault-tolerant problem of distributed peer-to-peer network communication in detail. Byzantine general problem is considered to be one of the most difficult problem types in fault-tolerant problems. In the point-to-point digital currency system, the operation of blockchain network is parallel. Each node and terminal calculates blockchain to achieve workload proof (POW). The connection of workload proof is the key to solve the Byzantine problem in bitcoin system. It is of great significance to the operation state of the whole system to avoid problematic nodes from destroying the correctness of the transaction account in the digital currency system. In 1999, in order to solve the problem raised by Lambert, the practical Byzantine fault tolerance (pbft) algorithm was officially born. This algorithm is still widely used in blockchain networks.
        Leslie · Lambert also invented Paxos algorithm for reaching agreement between nodes, which is also widely used. Wang Xiaoyun, born in 1966, is currently a professor at the school of mathematics, Shandong University. In February, 2005, Wang Xiaoyun and his colleagues proposed the hash collision of SHA-1 hash function. Since SHA-1 hash function was widely used in mainstream computer security products at that time, its impact can be imagined. SHA-1 is a cryptographic hash function, which is the predecessor of SHA-256 adopted by bitcoin. The SHA-1 cracking method created by Wang Xiaoyun forced security agencies to upgrade SHA-1, and finally the most important SHA-256 function in bitcoin was born.
        As a modern discipline with rapid development, blockchain technology is not only based on the intelligence of Nakamoto. Countless experts and researchers have been, are and will be involved in the development of blockchain technology all over the world. From this point of view, there is no ancestor in the blockchain industry, or everyone is an ancestor.
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