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As the integration of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao has entered the 20th era, how can blockchain help the integration of Dawan district?

Time : 20/09/2021 Author : eubjhw Click : + -
        Technology and individual led distributed data transmission protocols can effectively promote the flow of data elements and help the integrated development of the Great Bay area. " A few days ago, in the "digital chain" Dawan District — —. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the construction of Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Dawan district has formed a good market foundation and industrial cooperation support, and there have been many breakthroughs in the "hard connectivity" of infrastructure and the "soft connectivity" of rules and mechanisms. However, at present, Dawan district still faces practical problems such as the poor flow of people, goods and funds, and the difficulty of cross-border and cross-border use of data elements. In this regard, the report points out, Only by relying on science and technology and innovation can we more efficiently and maximally eliminate the obstacles and gaps of connectivity, integrate the differences and differences of systems, especially during the epidemic prevention and control period, we should make better use of digital technology represented by blockchain to break the ice of institutional differences, support the leap of the real economy and enable social governance innovation.
        In recent years, Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay area is becoming a testing ground for many scientific and technological innovations. At present, a number of enterprises or institutions in Greater Bay area, such as Weizhong, Tencent, Ping An and Huawei, have deployed many cutting-edge technologies represented by blockchain, and carried out a series of practices such as the construction of trusted infrastructure and the exploration of national open source innovation ecosystem. For example, wechat led the blockchain alliance "golden chain alliance" in the financial industry in 2016. Relying on the open source working group of golden chain alliance, it has built the financial level alliance chain underlying open source platform fiscobcos, and achieved full link localization support. According to Ma Zhitao, at present, Weibo has served 340million effective individual customers and nearly 2.8 million small and micro enterprises.
        Wechat blockchain and the open source alliance chain ecosystem jointly built by multiple parties have gathered more than 3000 institutions and enterprises and more than 70000 individual members; There are more than 200 benchmarking applications supporting industrial digitalization. Weizhong bank is only a microcosm of the technological development in Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay area. According to the report, there were 10710 blockchain related invention patent applications in China, Hong Kong and Macao in 2021, of which 3282 were in Dawan District, accounting for 31% of the total. From the perspective of patent application enterprises, among the top 20 enterprises, there are 9 enterprises headquartered in Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay area, and the number of blockchain invention patents applied for accounts for as high as 53%.
        What is behind this is the major changes in the functional positioning, innovative development, industrial layout, coordinated development and urban space of Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay area. Liuguohong, assistant to the president of the China (Shenzhen) Institute of comprehensive development, analyzed that the shallow integration demands of the 1.0 era of the integrated development of Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and the Great Bay area, such as hardware docking, front store and rear factory, and gradient division of labor, are being replaced by the deep integration demands of the 2.0 era, such as institutional compatibility, economic symbiosis, and social connectivity. "Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay area is currently the most active area for blockchain technology patent applications in China." He further pointed out that relying on blockchain and other cutting-edge technologies, Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay region has realized the flow or utilization of reliable data in a multi institutional environment, improved the efficiency and efficiency of people flow, logistics and capital flow, and greatly expanded the "Xinjiang region" where the economy is the hinterland of each other and integrated innovation.
        Then, what is the uniqueness of the integration of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Greater Bay area? Regarding this issue, Liu Guohong said that compared with other world-class Bay areas and important areas of coordinated development in China, Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Bay area presents three major characteristics: first, the multi institutional pattern of "one country, two systems, three jurisdictions"; Second, the regional integration trend of "Multi Center cluster development"; Third, the economic and ecological foundation of "complete, rich and efficient industrial chain supply chain". Among them, the institutional differences of "one country, two systems, three jurisdictions" in Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay area are directly reflected in the data flow, that is, there are great differences in the data transfer management rules between Hong Kong, Macao and mainland cities in the Greater Bay area. Affected by legal provisions, operating costs and other factors, the problem of "data island" in Dawan district is prominent.
        Then, how to realize regional integration and coordinated development under non-uniform systems and rules?. "Blockchain provides effective solutions and new ideas under the framework of existing rules." In an interview with reporters, Liu Guohong said, "using the distributed, traceable and tamper free characteristics, the data ownership subject puts forward the request, and professional service institutions rely on hash value comparison to verify the authenticity of the data source and that the data content is not tampered with, so as to realize the cross domain exchange of trusted data and truly release the great value of data resources as production factors.".
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