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"Blockchain +" in Fujian ④ SDIC Fujian resources: blockchain technology depicts a new picture of the development of renewable resources industry

Time : 20/03/2022 Author : 3hou7z Click : + -
        In order to thoroughly implement the important deployment of the national "14th five year plan" and the 2035 long-term goal outline on the development of blockchain and other key digital economy industries, in January 2022, the central network information office led the launch of the national blockchain innovation and application pilot action. The provincial Party committee and the provincial government attach great importance to this work. At present, four units in our province have been selected into the national blockchain innovation and application pilot and have made preliminary progress. The results will be further presented at the fifth digital China Construction Summit. As the warm-up publicity of the digital summit, wechat Fujian launched a series of reports around the theme of "‘ blockchain + ’ in Fujian". Let's look forward to the new blueprint of blockchain technology in the Internet era.
        In February 2022, the "blockchain + manufacturing" Research Institute jointly established by SDIC Fujian urban resources Recycling Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as SDIC Fujian resources), Fujian High Tech Property Exchange (hereinafter referred to as the provincial high tech stock exchange) and a number of technology enterprises and scientific research institutions was formally established. From the national innovative application pilot project of "blockchain + manufacturing" to the establishment of long-term scientific research institutions and the establishment of expert and talent pools, SDIC Fujian resources' exploration path in the independent research and development of blockchain technology has become wider and wider. Renewable resources industry is not only an industry with many years of development history, but also a strategic emerging industry. Whether from the perspective of resource conservation or environmental protection, recycling of renewable resources will be an important starting point for high-quality economic and social development.
        "However, the traditional offline recycling mode is inefficient and is not conducive to data collection, so it is in urgent need of transformation and upgrading." Zhang Jianfu, Secretary of the Party branch, chairman of the board of supervisors and President of the provincial high tech stock exchange, said that the application of blockchain in the renewable resources industry can realize the traceability of logistics, information flow and capital flow, solve the problems of lack of trust and data, improve the efficiency of supply chain management, reduce the industrial operation risks and costs, and drive the industry to develop in a more standardized direction. "Professional recycling of old color TV sets, air conditioners, refrigerators, washing machines … …" Walking through the streets on tricycles and shouting "trash collection" with horns is the first impression of most of us on the renewable resources industry. In fact, this is only a small part of the renewable resources industry &mdash& mdash; Recycling.
        With the gradual development of the industry, China's renewable resources industry has formed a complete process from the generation of waste, through the classification and sorting of recycling retail investors or enterprises, the resource processing of processing enterprises, and finally to the recycling enterprises. However, raw materials are highly dispersed, recycling levels are many, processing technology is backward, and product standards are missing; Lack of incentives for consumers to recycle and difficulty in recycling renewable resources; The lack of data in the whole process of recycling channels, the low efficiency and high cost of recycling chains, and the inability to provide precise subsidies and support to enterprises in the industry are also restricting the development of the industry. How to crack it?. Blockchain has a natural fit with the renewable resources industry.
        The core element of its technology is decentralization. A credible, transparent and open network has established an excellent model for the management and market of renewable resources. Blockchain technology can fundamentally accelerate transactions, reduce costs, build a new collaborative production system of renewable resources and a capacity sharing platform, and improve the level of supply chain collaboration by promoting reliable value transfer without the participation of traditional intermediaries. At first, blockchain technology was more used in finance, Internet management and other fields. The renewable resources industry has a relatively slow understanding of the potential of blockchain, and the industry also lacks the awareness of applying blockchain. SDIC Fujian resources is an enterprise that ate crabs earlier. "In 2015, we set up a professional team to carry out independent research and development of blockchain technology". Zhang Jianfu said that the "blockchain + manufacturing" application projects of SDIC Fujian resources are all domestic technologies with independent intellectual property rights.
        At present, 91 national invention patents for blockchain core technology have been applied, of which 72 patents have passed the preliminary examination and passed the examination (all of which have entered the actual examination), and 19 invention patents have passed the substantive examination of invention patents and have been authorized. The renewable resources industry plays an irreplaceable role in the development of green economy and environmental protection, whether it is environmental monitoring, garbage disposal or the classified recycling of waste non-ferrous metals, steel, plastics, etc. The openness and transparency of blockchain and the characteristics of smart contracts not only enable all parties involved to understand the whole operation process and transparent benefit distribution, but also enable users' behaviors and rewards and punishments to be implemented by procedures rather than relying on human beings, thus further reducing the cost of environmental protection supervision and treatment, which is a cause for the benefit of the people.
        In September 2019, the "reference standard for the evaluation of domestic waste classification work of public institutions" was released. Since Shanghai and other big cities, waste classification has been fully implemented throughout the country, and has also become a news hot spot that year. This year, after years of technology research and development, SDIC Fujian resources took waste classification as a pilot, and started the pace of officially applying blockchain to the development of the industry. "Combined with the self-developed blockchain and smart city big data platform that serve community life, we conduct accurate data collection on the garbage we put in, providing reliable and refined big data support for community management, planning and decision-making." According to Zhang Jianfu, blockchain can solve the problem of insufficient incentives for residents in the past.
        It is understood that Xicheng street, Xinluo District, Longyan city is one of the "models" of this application: the garbage classification smart cabinet here implements a one code real name system, which can deliver garbage 24 hours a day. Residents can open the box at any time through delivery cards, QR codes, mobile phone numbers and other ways. As long as the garbage is put into the designated warehouse, the garbage classification quality is bound to the resident identity, and the smart data can record the types, quantities, and Weight, realizing "source traceability", "destination traceability" and "data confirmation" of garbage. In addition, intelligent electronic scales are installed in each barrel of the garbage classification intelligent equipment, which can count the total amount of garbage delivered. After the residents put it accurately, points can be returned by weight and exchanged for daily necessities, effectively guiding residents to actively participate in and classify correctly.
        After being successfully selected as a pilot in the characteristic field of "blockchain + manufacturing", as an end-user enterprise dealing with waste batteries of electric vehicles, SDIC Fujian resources plans to complete the construction of a blockchain platform for anti-counterfeiting and traceability supervision of power batteries in the first half of 2023; In the second half of 2023, a power battery supply chain management blockchain platform and a new collaborative and shared blockchain platform for power batteries will be initially built. "We used the Internet + information traceability system before, which has a big drawback, that is, the data between the systems cannot interact, and it is easy to become an information island, which not only causes a waste of resources, but also cannot guarantee the authenticity of data and information security.
        ”Zhang Jianfu said that after the introduction of blockchain technology, every battery will have a traceable and tamper proof life cycle record from generation to waste recycling, which can not only promote the effective recycling of waste batteries and form norms in the industry, but also provide a basis for scientific supervision and law enforcement of relevant government departments, and establish an "environmental protection closed loop" between the government, enterprises and the public with blockchain. In January, 2022, the Ministry of industry and information technology and other eight departments jointly issued the implementation plan on accelerating the comprehensive utilization of industrial resources. In the plan, the technical direction of "blockchain" was proposed to improve the utilization value of renewable resources. Strengthen the application of big data, blockchain and other Internet technologies in the field of renewable resources, and help build an efficient renewable resource recovery system combining online and offline.
        With the in-depth promotion of this cause, strengthening scientific research and continuous innovation is the only way. In February, 2022, the "blockchain + manufacturing" Research Institute was jointly established by SDIC Fujian resources, the provincial high tech exchange and a number of technology enterprises and scientific research institutions, focusing on the innovative development of industrial digitalization and digital industrialization based on blockchain technology, and achieved preliminary results. In July, the Provincial Department of Education issued the notice on publishing the list of key provincial scientific and technological innovation projects (colleges and universities) in 2022, and the cooperation project between SDIC Fujian resources and Fujian Normal University, "fine green disassembly and remanufacture technology of used and end-of-life vehicles based on blockchain traceability and deep recycling" was selected. Zhang Jianfu is full of new expectations.
        In his view, strengthening cooperation with colleges and universities, bringing together experts in relevant fields to form a "think tank group", supporting the sustainable development of blockchain innovation and application through research and continuous training and output of talents, and finally feeding the society, is of more long-term significance than being selected into the national pilot project.
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